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The brainstem burst generator for saccadic eye movements
Abstract. In the 16 years since we last summarized the behavior of the premotor elements that control saccades, research has revealed shortcomings in previous formulations of the control mechanismsExpand
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Discharge patterns and recruitment order of identified motoneurons and internuclear neurons in the monkey abducens nucleus.
1. Single neurons in the abducens nucleus were recorded extracellularly in alert rhesus macaques trained to make a variety of eye movements. An abducens neurons was identified as a motoneuron (MN) ifExpand
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Evidence that the superior colliculus participates in the feedback control of saccadic eye movements.
There is general agreement that saccades are guided to their targets by means of a motor error signal, which is produced by a local feedback circuit that calculates the difference between desiredExpand
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Anatomical connections of the primate pretectal nucleus of the optic tract
The pretectal nucleus of the optic tract (NOT) plays an essential role in optokinetic nystagmus, the reflexive movements of the eyes to motion of the entire visual scene. To determine how the NOT canExpand
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The neuronal substrate of integration in the oculomotor system
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Afferents to the abducens nucleus in the monkey and cat
The abducens nucleus is a central coordinating element in the generation of conjugate horizontal eye movements. As such, it should receive and combine information relevant to visual fixation,Expand
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Brainstem control of saccadic eye movements.
Saccades are rapid shifts in the direction of gaze. They include the fast (reset) phases of nystagmus generated by vestibular or optokinetic stimuli, the catch­ up movements required in the pursuitExpand
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Activity of omnipause neurons in alert cats during saccadic eye movements and visual stimuli.
1. In the cats trained to follow a target spot with their eyes, activity was recorded from omnipause neurons (OPNs). OPNs discharge at a relatively high steady tonic rate (50-130 spikes/s) duringExpand
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Activity of smooth pursuit-related neurons in the monkey periarcuate cortex during pursuit and passive whole-body rotation.
Smooth pursuit and vestibularly induced eye movements interact to maintain the accuracy of eye movements in space (i.e., gaze). To understand the role played by the frontal eye fields inExpand
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Discharge patterns of levator palpebrae superioris motoneurons during vertical lid and eye movements in the monkey.
1. We recorded single-unit activity in the caudal central nucleus (CCN) of the oculomotor complex in monkeys trained to make vertical saccadic, smooth-pursuit, and fixation eye movements. WeExpand
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