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When moderation is mediated and mediation is moderated.
Procedures for examining whether treatment effects on an outcome are mediated and/or moderated have been well developed and are routinely applied. The mediation question focuses on the interveningExpand
Statistical difficulties of detecting interactions and moderator effects.
Although interaction effects are frequently found in experimental studies, field researchers report considerable difficulty in finding theorized moderator effects. Previous discussions of thisExpand
The police officer's dilemma: using ethnicity to disambiguate potentially threatening individuals.
Using a simple videogame, the effect of ethnicity on shoot/don't shoot decisions was examined. African American or White targets, holding guns or other objects, appeared in complex backgrounds.Expand
Process Analysis
This article presents the rationale and procedures for conducting a process analysis in evaluation research. Such an analysis attempts to identify the process that mediates the effects of someExpand
Framing interethnic ideology: effects of multicultural and color-blind perspectives on judgments of groups and individuals.
In 3 experiments, White American college students received a message advocating either a color-blind or a multicultural ideological approach to improving interethnic relations and then made judgmentsExpand
Estimating and testing mediation and moderation in within-subject designs.
Analyses designed to detect mediation and moderation of treatment effects are increasingly prevalent in research in psychology. The mediation question concerns the processes that produce a treatmentExpand
Evidence for racial prejudice at the implicit level and its relationship with questionnaire measures.
The content of spontaneously activated racial stereotypes among White Americans and the relation of this to more explicit measures of stereotyping and prejudice were investigated. Using a semanticExpand
Across the thin blue line: police officers and racial bias in the decision to shoot.
Police officers were compared with community members in terms of the speed and accuracy with which they made simulated decisions to shoot (or not shoot) Black and White targets. Both samplesExpand
Fundamental dimensions of social judgment: understanding the relations between judgments of competence and warmth.
In seems there are two dimensions that underlie most judgments of traits, people, groups, and cultures. Although the definitions vary, the first makes reference to attributes such as competence,Expand