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Premature Infant Pain Profile: development and initial validation.
OBJECTIVE Inadequate assessment of pain in premature infants is a persistent clinical problem. The objective of this research was to develop and validate a measure for assessing pain in prematureExpand
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Kangaroo care is effective in diminishing pain response in preterm neonates.
OBJECTIVE To test the efficacy of maternal skin-to-skin contact, or kangaroo care (KC), on diminishing the pain response of preterm neonates to heel lancing. DESIGN A crossover design was used, inExpand
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Children’s Psychological Responses After Critical Illness and Exposure to Invasive Technology
ABSTRACT. Children hospitalized in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) are subjected to highly invasive interventions necessary in overcoming the critical period of their illness, yet little isExpand
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Experience in a neonatal intensive care unit affects pain response.
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of being in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) on pain responses in infants of 32 weeks' postconceptual age (PCA). DESIGN A cross-sectional comparative designExpand
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The efficacy of developmentally sensitive interventions and sucrose for relieving procedural pain in very low birth weight neonates.
BACKGROUND Procedural pain management for very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates has been minimal or nonexistent in most neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). OBJECTIVES To compare the efficacy ofExpand
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Kangaroo mother care diminishes pain from heel lance in very preterm neonates: A crossover trial
BackgroundSkin-to-skin contact, or kangaroo mother care (KMC) has been shown to be efficacious in diminishing pain response to heel lance in full term and moderately preterm neonates. The purpose ofExpand
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A cross-sectional survey of pain and pharmacological analgesia in Canadian neonatal intensive care units.
OBJECTIVE To determine current practices for the use of analgesia term and preterm neonates cared for in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs). DESIGN One-week survey of medical charts of currentExpand
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Differential response to pain by very premature neonates
&NA; The ability of very low birth weight (VLBW) premature infants to respond differentially to real versus a sham heelstick conditions was examined in this crossover study. Using a multidimensionalExpand
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Pain Assessment in the Critically Ill Ventilated Adult: Validation of the Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool and Physiologic Indicators
ObjectivesUse of a valid behavioral measure for pain is highly recommended for critically ill, uncommunicative adults. The aim of this study was to validate the English version of the Critical-CareExpand
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