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Biodiesel from algae: challenges and prospects.
Life-Cycle Assessment of Potential Algal Biodiesel Production in the United Kingdom: A Comparison of Raceways and Air-Lift Tubular Bioreactors
TLDR
Results showed that, if the future target for the productivity of lipids from microalgae, such as C. vulgaris, of ∼40 tons ha−1 year−1 could be achieved, cultivation in typical raceways would be significantly more environmentally sustainable than in closed air-lift tubular bioreactors.
Assessing Symbiodinium diversity in scleractinian corals via next-generation sequencing-based genotyping of the ITS2 rDNA region
TLDR
Pyrosequencing is applied to the elucidation of Symbiodinium diversity via analysis of the internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) region, a multicopy genetic marker commonly used to analyse Symbiod inium diversity, and an operational taxonomic unit (OTU)‐based pipeline is developed to provisionally resolve ecologically discrete entities from intragenomic variation.
Sirolimus Therapy for Angiomyolipoma in Tuberous Sclerosis and Sporadic Lymphangioleiomyomatosis: A Phase 2 Trial
TLDR
This study showed sustained regression of renal angiomyolipomas in patients with tuberous sclerosis or sporadic LAM receiving 2 years of sirolimus treatment, suggesting possible effects on pulmonary function and neurocognition require further investigation.
The age of Rubisco: the evolution of oxygenic photosynthesis
TLDR
The paradox that despite the inferred evolution of oxygenesis 2.9 Ga ago, the Late Archaean air was anoxic, may be explained, as the atmospheric CO 2 :O 2 ratio, and hence greenhouse warming, may reflect Form I Rubisco’s specificity for CO 2 over O 2 .
Photosynthetic biofilms in pure culture harness solar energy in a mediatorless bio-photovoltaic cell (BPV) system†
TLDR
Light-driven electrical power generated with biofilms grown from photosynthetic fresh water or marine species without the addition of an artificial electron-shuttling mediator is reported on.
A covariotide model explains apparent phylogenetic structure of oxygenic photosynthetic lineages.
TLDR
This analysis showed that the support for splits between photosynthetic and nonphotosynthetic organisms could be accounted for by patterns arising from covariotide substitution, and argued that while covariotide or covarion substitution may give rise to phylogenetically informative patterns in sequence data, this may not always be so.
Genetic diversity and phylogeography of broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) across Eurasia
TLDR
The genetic data are consistent with both the single and multiple domestication centre hypotheses and add specific detail to what these hypotheses would entail regarding the spread of broomcorn millet.
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