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Be smart, exercise your heart: exercise effects on brain and cognition
A growing number of studies support the idea that physical exercise is a lifestyle factor that might lead to increased physical and mental health throughout life, at the molecular, cellular, systems and behavioural levels.
The effect of acute treadmill walking on cognitive control and academic achievement in preadolescent children
Physical Activity, Fitness, Cognitive Function, and Academic Achievement in Children: A Systematic Review.
- J. Donnelly, C. Hillman, A. Szabo-Reed
- PsychologyMedicine and science in sports and exercise
- 1 June 2016
Evidence indicates that PA has a relationship to areas of the brain that support complex cognitive processes during laboratory tasks, and there are positive associations among PA, fitness, cognition, and academic achievement.
Physical fitness and academic achievement in third- and fifth-grade students.
- D. Castelli, C. Hillman, S. Buck, H. Erwin
- EducationJournal of sport & exercise psychology
- 1 April 2007
This study found that field tests of physical fitness were positively related to academic achievement and aerobic capacity was positively associated with achievement, whereas BMI was inversely related.
Brain processes in emotional perception: Motivated attention
Brain potentials and blink reflexes were recorded while participants viewed emotional pictures organised into content categories that varied in motivational significance. Event‐related potentials at…
The effects of an afterschool physical activity program on working memory in preadolescent children.
Results indicate that increases in cardiorespiratory fitness are associated with improvements in the cognitive control of working memory in preadolescent children.
Exercise improves behavioral, neurocognitive, and scholastic performance in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
Cardiorespiratory Fitness and the Flexible Modulation of Cognitive Control in Preadolescent Children
Lower-fit children may have more difficulty than higher-fitChildren in the flexible modulation of cognitive control processes to meet task demands.
Effects of the FITKids Randomized Controlled Trial on Executive Control and Brain Function
The intervention enhanced cognitive performance and brain function during tasks requiring greater executive control, and provides support for PA for improving childhood cognition and brain health.
Physical Activity for Cognitive and Mental Health in Youth: A Systematic Review of Mechanisms
The strongest evidence was found for improvements in physical self-perceptions, which accompanied enhanced self-esteem in the majority of studies measuring these outcomes, and few studies examined neurobiological and behavioral mechanisms, and was unable to draw conclusions regarding their role in enhancing cognitive and mental health.