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Antifreeze proteins of teleost fishes.
The remarkable diversity of antifreeze types and their seemingly haphazard phylogenetic distribution suggest that these proteins might have evolved recently in response to sea level glaciation occurring just 1-2 million years ago in the northern hemisphere and 10-30 million years old around Antarctica.
Biochemistry of fish antifreeze proteins
It is suggested that type I AFP binds preferentially to the prism faces of ice crystals as a result of interactions between the helix macrodipole and the dipoles on the water molecules in the ice lattice.
Functional Genomics Analysis of Singapore Grouper Iridovirus: Complete Sequence Determination and Proteomic Analysis
The complete genome sequence of Singapore grouper iridovirus (SGIV) is reported, showing that the entire SGIV genome consists of 140,131 nucleotide bp.
Growth Enhancement in Transgenic Atlantic Salmon by the Use of an “All Fish” Chimeric Growth Hormone Gene Construct
An “all fish” growth hormone (GH) chimeric gene construct is developed by using an antifreeze protein gene (AFP) promoter from ocean pout linked to a chinook salmon GH cDNA clone to generate transgenic Atlantic salmon.
Chitinase genes responsive to cold encode antifreeze proteins in winter cereals.
It is concluded that two novel cold-responsive genes encoding chitinases with ice-binding activity may have arisen in winter rye and other cereals through gene duplication.
Production of germline transgenic Pacific salmonids with dramatically increased growth performance
Transgenic Pacific salmon produced by microinjection of a DNA construct consisting of chinook salmon growth hormone sequences driven by an ocean pout antifreeze protein promoter experienced dramatic enhancement of growth relative to controls.
Proteomic Analysis of Shrimp White Spot Syndrome Viral Proteins and Characterization of a Novel Envelope Protein VP466 *
- C. Huang, Xiaobo Zhang, Q. Lin, Xun Xu, Zhìhóng Hú, C. Hew
- BiologyMolecular & Cellular Proteomics
- 1 March 2002
Results in this investigation proved the effectiveness of proteomic approaches for discovering new proteins of WSSV.
Genomic structure of growth hormone genes in chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha): presence of two functional genes, GH-I and GH-II, and a male-specific pseudogene, GH-psi.
The results showed that GH-psi exists only in males and that it segregates from father to sons, and suggest that GH -psi is sex specific and probably resides on the Y chromosome.
Structure and Evolutionary Origin of Ca2+-Dependent Herring Type II Antifreeze Protein
The structure of herring AFP (hAFP), a Ca2-dependent fish type II AFP, exhibits a fold similar to the C-type (Ca2+-dependent) lectins with unique ice-binding features, and the evolutionary relationship of type IIAFPs to sugar-binding lectins is clarified.