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Experimental research on just-world theory: problems, developments, and future challenges.
Focus is directed on the post-1980 experimental research on just-world theory, which proposes that people need to believe in a just world, and problems with this literature are discussed, including the unsystematic nature of the research.
Do innocent victims threaten the belief in a just world? Evidence from a modified Stroop task.
- C. Hafer
- PsychologyJournal of personality and social psychology
- 1 August 2000
It is suggested that innocent victims do threaten justice beliefs and responses to these victims may, at times, be attempts to reduce this threat.
Investment in Long-Term Goals and Commitment to Just Means Drive the Need to Believe in a Just World
- C. Hafer
- 1 November 2000
The author hypothesized that the less one focuses on long-term goals, or the less one plans to achieve goals through just means, the less essential is the belief in a just world (BJW) and the less…
The role of intergroup disgust in predicting negative outgroup evaluations
An Analysis of Empirical Research on the Scope of Justice
- C. Hafer, J. M. Olson
- Law, Political SciencePersonality and social psychology review : an…
- 1 November 2003
Suggestions about how to study scope of justice issues in the future are offered and points that need to be clarified regarding the conceptualization of the scope ofJustice are identified.
Beliefs in a Just World, Discontent, and Assertive Actions by Working Women
Seventy working women completed a questionnaire that assessed their dissatisfaction with their own job situation (personal discontent), their dissatisfaction with the job situations of women as a…
Political liberalism and political conservatism: Functionally independent?
Beliefs in a just world and reactions to personal deprivation
We hypothesized that strong believers in a just world would be motivated to perceive personal deprivation as fair and to report little resentment, compared to weak believers in a just world In two…
Message comprehensibility and persuasion : Effects of complex language in counterattitudinal appeals to laypeople
The influence of complex language in a counterattitudinal appeal to laypeople was examined using dual process theories of persuasion. These theories propose that persuasion can result from cognitive…
Distinguishing Two Meanings of Moral Exclusion: Exclusion from Moral Principles or Principled Harm-Doing?
The concept of “moral exclusion” has often been used to understand harm-doing. The present studies examined two, distinct meanings that have been ascribed to this concept. First, exclusion has…