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Hypertonic saline for treating raised intracranial pressure: literature review with meta-analysis.
OBJECT Currently, mannitol is the recommended first choice for a hyperosmolar agent for use in patients with elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). Some authors have argued that hypertonic salineExpand
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The microanatomy of spinal cord injury: A review
Spinal cord injury is a highly prevalent condition associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The pathophysiology underlying it is extraordinarily complex and still not completelyExpand
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Morphometric Analysis of the Foramen Magnum: An Anatomic Study
OBJECTIVETo further elucidate the importance of anatomic variations in morphology of the foramen magnum and associated clinical implications, we conducted a morphometric study. METHODSSeventy-two dryExpand
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External ventricular drain placement in the intensive care unit versus operating room: Evaluation of complications and accuracy
OBJECTIVE External ventricular drain (EVD) placement is a common neurosurgical procedure performed in both the intensive care unit (ICU) and operating room (OR). The optimal setting for EVD placementExpand
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Retroclival Epidural Hematomas: A Clinical Series
BACKGROUNDRetroclival epidural hematomas (REDHs) are infrequently reported. To our knowledge, only 19 case reports exist in the literature. OBJECTIVEThis study was performed to better elucidate thisExpand
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A comprehensive review of its history, anatomy, imaging, and pathology
Introduction The arachnoid mater is a delicate and avascular layer that lies in direct contact with the dura and is separated from the pia mater by the cerebrospinal fluid-filled subarachnoid space.Expand
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Anatomy of the Vagus Nerve
The vagus nerve has a larger distribution than any other cranial nerve. Originating in the medulla, the vagus nerve innervates structures in the neck, thorax, and abdomen and has influence overExpand
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Factors predicting reoperation of chronic subdural hematoma following primary surgical evacuation.
OBJECTIVEChronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is commonly encountered in neurosurgical practice. However, surgical evacuation remains complicated by a high rate of reoperation. The optimal surgicalExpand
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Neurocognitive status in patients with newly-diagnosed brain tumors in good neurological condition: The impact of tumor type, volume, and location
OBJECTIVE Neurocognitive function is of great importance in patients with brain tumors. Even patients in good neurological condition may suffer from neurocognitive dysfunction that affects theirExpand
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Impact of High-Mobility Group Box 1 Polymorphism on Delayed Cerebral Ischemia After Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein is a eukaryotic, ubiquitously expressed protein that serves as a biomarker for various diseases and is involved in the promotionExpand
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