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Novel methods improve prediction of species' distributions from occurrence data
TLDR
This work compared 16 modelling methods over 226 species from 6 regions of the world, creating the most comprehensive set of model comparisons to date and found that presence-only data were effective for modelling species' distributions for many species and regions.
Sample selection bias and presence-only distribution models: implications for background and pseudo-absence data.
TLDR
It is argued that increased awareness of the implications of spatial bias in surveys, and possible modeling remedies, will substantially improve predictions of species distributions and as large an effect on predictive performance as the choice of modeling method.
The effect of sample size and species characteristics on performance of different species distribution modeling methods
TLDR
Maxent was the most capable of the four modeling methods in producing useful results with sample sizes as small as 5, 10 and 25 occurrences, a result that should encourage conservationists to add distribution modeling to their toolbox.
Measuring ecological niche overlap from occurrence and spatial environmental data
TLDR
A statistical framework to describe and compare environmental niches from occurrence and spatial environmental data and shows that niche overlap can be accurately detected with the framework when variables driving the distributions are known.
Effects of sample size on the performance of species distribution models
A wide range of modelling algorithms is used by ecologists, conservation practitioners, and others to predict species ranges from point locality data. Unfortunately, the amount of data available is
Niche Conservatism: Integrating Evolution, Ecology, and Conservation Biology
TLDR
This work describes how niche conservatism in climatic tolerances may limit geographic range expansion and how this one type of niche conservatism may be important in allopatric speciation and the spread of invasive, human-introduced species.
An Update of Wallace’s Zoogeographic Regions of the World
TLDR
A global map of zoogeographic regions is generated by combining data on the distributions and phylogenetic relationships of 21,037 species of amphibians, birds, and mammals, and it is shown that spatial turnover in the phylogenetic composition of vertebrate assemblages is higher in the Southern than in the Northern Hemisphere.
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