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Reducing the Effects of Stereotype Threat on African American College Students by Shaping Theories of Intelligence
Abstract African American college students tend to obtain lower grades than their White counterparts, even when they enter college with equivalent test scores. Past research suggests that negativeExpand
When White Men Can't Do Math: Necessary and Sufficient Factors in Stereotype Threat
Abstract Research on “stereotype threat” (Aronson, Quinn, & Spencer, 1998; Steele, 1997; Steele & Aronson, 1995) suggests that the social stigma of intellectual inferiority borne by certain culturalExpand
Improving adolescents' standardized test performance: An intervention to reduce the effects of stereotype threat
Standardized tests continue to generate gender and race gaps in achievement despite decades of national attention. Research on ‘‘stereotype threat’’ (Steele & Aronson, 1995) suggests that these gapsExpand
Why do women opt out? Sense of belonging and women's representation in mathematics.
Sense of belonging to math-one's feelings of membership and acceptance in the math domain-was established as a new and an important factor in the representation gap between males and females in math.Expand
“It's ok — Not everyone can be good at math”: Instructors with an entity theory comfort (and demotivate) students
article i nfo Can comforting struggling students demotivate them and potentially decrease the pool of students pursuing math- related subjects? In Studies 1-3, instructors holding an entity (fixed)Expand
Why do beliefs about intelligence influence learning success? A social cognitive neuroscience model.
Students' beliefs and goals can powerfully influence their learning success. Those who believe intelligence is a fixed entity (entity theorists) tend to emphasize 'performance goals,' leaving themExpand
Problems in the pipeline: Stereotype threat and women's achievement in high-level math courses ☆ ☆☆
Abstract It is well established that negative stereotypes can undermine women's performance on mathematics tests. Despite considerable laboratory evidence for the role of “stereotype threat” inExpand
A particular resiliency to threatening environments
Abstract Being in the numerical minority can impair intellectual performance. We suggest, however, that these negative effects need not extend to everyone because some people—specifically highExpand