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Heartworm disease in animals and humans.
TLDR
Canine, feline and ferret heartworm disease are updated with regard to the clinical presentation, diagnosis, prevention, therapy and management of the disease, with special emphasis on the recently described Heartworm Associated Respiratory Disease (HARD) Syndrome in cats. Expand
Phylogeny of Wolbachia in filarial nematodes
TLDR
There is no evidence for recent Wolbachia transmission between arthropods and nematodes, and endosymbiont 16S ribosomal DNA sequences from a subset of filarial species support these findings. Expand
Climate and Dirofilaria infection in Europe.
TLDR
The global warming projected by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change suggests that warm summers suitable for Dirofilaria transmission in Europe will be the rule in the future decades and if the actual trend of temperature increase continues, filarial infection should spread into previously infection-free areas. Expand
Is heartworm disease really spreading in Europe?
TLDR
The study provides the first risk assessment maps for Europe and suggests that if the actual climatic trend continues, filarial infection should spread into previously infection-free areas. Expand
Dirofilarial infections in Europe.
TLDR
The zoonotic aspects, effects of climate, and other global drivers on Dirofilaria infections in Europe and the possible implications on the transmission and control of these mosquito-borne nematodes are reviewed. Expand
A phylogenetic analysis of filarial nematodes: comparison with the phylogeny of Wolbachia endosymbionts
TLDR
The phylogeny proposed by this study is partially incongruent with previous classifications of filarial nematodes, based on morphological characters and both traditional classifications and molecular phylogenies are, in part, inconsistent with the phylogeny of Wolbachia. Expand
The northward spread of leishmaniasis in Italy: evidence from retrospective and ongoing studies on the canine reservoir and phlebotomine vectors
TLDR
Northern continental Italy is now focally endemic for VL and a moderate risk for human disease does exist, although the intensity of transmission seems to be lower than in traditional settings of Mediterranean VL. Expand
Vector-borne helminths of dogs and humans in Europe
TLDR
The reasons underlying the increasing trend in distribution of vector-borne helminths in Europe are investigated, the diagnostic and control strategies currently available are discussed and the authors’ opinion on some topics related to VBH are provided. Expand
Changing climate and changing vector-borne disease distribution: the example of Dirofilaria in Europe.
TLDR
A growing degree day-based forecast model has been developed and predicted that the summer temperatures are sufficient to facilitate extrinsic incubation of Dirofilaria even at latitudes of 56 °N and longitudes of 39 °E. Expand
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