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Persistent negative effects of pesticides on biodiversity and biological control potential on European farmland
TLDR
Of the 13 components of intensification the authors measured, use of insecticides and fungicides had consistent negative effects on biodiversity, and organic farming and other agri-environment schemes aiming to mitigate the negative effects are found.
Moving in the Anthropocene: Global reductions in terrestrial mammalian movements
TLDR
Using a unique GPS-tracking database of 803 individuals across 57 species, it is found that movements of mammals in areas with a comparatively high human footprint were on average one-half to one-third the extent of their movements in area with a low human footprint.
Mixed effects of organic farming and landscape complexity on farmland biodiversity and biological control potential across Europe
1. Organic farming in Europe has been shown to enhance biodiversity locally, but potential interactions with the surrounding landscape and the potential effects on ecosystem services are less well
Effect of the inclusion of mushroom values on the optimal management of even-aged pine stands of Catalonia.
TLDR
Results showed that on sites where the potential mushroom yield is high, mushrooms should be taken into account in stand management, and the optimal economic management for both timber and mushrooms in even-aged Scots pine and Black pine stands in Catalonia is examined.
Functional identity and diversity of animals predict ecosystem functioning better than species-based indices
TLDR
This study provides new insights into the general mechanisms that link biodiversity to ecosystem functioning in natural animal communities and suggests that the observed responses were due to the identity and dominance patterns of the trait composition rather than the number or abundance of species per se.
The relationship between forest age and aspect on the production of sporocarps of ectomycorrhizal fungi in Pinus sylvestris forests of the central Pyrenees
TLDR
There is a positive relationship between sporocarp yield (fresh weight, dry weight or number of sporocarps) and species richness for individual plots and Species richness and distribution are presented, providing a baseline inventory for this forest community.
Small mammals in agricultural landscapes: Opposing responses to farming practices and landscape complexity
Abstract Organic farming often counteracts the decline of various taxa owing to agricultural intensification, but little is known about the relative importance of local management and landscape
Agricultural intensification and biodiversity partitioning in European landscapes comparing plants, carabids, and birds.
TLDR
Local AI was closely correlated to beta diversity on larger scales up to the farm and region level, and thereby was an indicator of farm- and region-wide biodiversity losses, and in contrast to expectations, AI does not necessarily homogenize local communities, presumably due to the heterogeneity of farming practices.
Productivity of ectomycorrhizal and selected edible saprotrophic fungi in pine forests of the pre-Pyrenees mountains, Spain: Predictive equations for forest management of mycological resources
TLDR
Regression analysis of climate and forest stand variables reveal significant correlations with sporocarp production data, and the best climate equation (R2 = 0.66; P) is revealed.
Climate Change Effects on Mediterranean Forests and Preventive Measures
This paper synthesizes and reviews literature concerning climate change effects on Mediterranean forest ecology and management as well as the restorative techniques necessary to maintain forest
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