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Global meliponiculture: challenges and opportunities
The general panorama of meliponiculture is presented and it is suggested that the successful use of stingless bees will promote the development of new breeding techniques and commercialization possibilities, which must be designed to be sustainable. Expand
Taxonomic revision of the African stingless bees (Apoidea : Apidae : Apinae : Meliponini)
All African stingless bees (Meliponini) are social. Their workers either collect pollen and nectar from flowers or, in lIgCleptotrigonal/Ig Moure, rob pollen and nectar from other stingless bees.Expand
Oil Collecting Bees Mostly of the Summer Rainfall Area of Southern Africa (Hymenoptera: Melittidae: Rediviva)
The species of Rediviva (Apoidea, Melittidae) occurring in the summer rainfall region of South Africa are revised and four are described as new: R. brunnea, R. rhodosoma and R. transkeiana all attributed to Whitehead and Steiner. Expand
Monitoring arthropods in a tropical landscape: relative effects of sampling methods and habitat types on trap catches
It is concluded that for the purpose of monitoring large arthropod assemblages in the long-term, a protocol based on operating a set of different and non-disruptive traps appears superior in design than summing a series of taxa-specific protocols. Expand
Bee conservation in Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar: diversity, status and threats
Bee diversity in sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar is likely to be important for both agriculture and indigenous ecosystems, but is under-appreciated, and changes to land use practices and development of industries that facilitate conservation will be essential. Expand
Biodiversity Regulation of Ecosystem Services
Coordinating Lead Authors: Sandra Dı́az, David Tilman, Joseph Fargione Lead Authors: F. Stuart Chapin III, Rodolfo Dirzo, Thomas Kitzberger, Barbara Gemmill, Martin Zobel, Montserrat Vilà, CharlesExpand
Choice of metrics for studying arthropod responses to habitat disturbance: one example from Gabon
It is recommended to use metrics based on abundance, estimated species richness, species turnover estimated by multivariate analyses and guild structure, to avoid misleading interpretations that may result from comparisons of species richness alone. Expand
Why do leafcutter bees cut leaves? New insights into the early evolution of bees
It is demonstrated that one key innovation—the inclusion of foreign material in nest construction—underlies both a massive range expansion and a significant increase in the rate of diversification within the second largest bee family, Megachilidae. Expand
Pollination ecology in the 21st Century: Key questions for future research
This list was drawn up by contacting 170 scientists from different areas of pollination ecology and asking them to contribute their opinion on the greatest knowledge gaps that need to be addressed, which were of a broad scope rather than case-specific. Expand