• Publications
  • Influence
Exercise for overweight or obesity.
TLDR
The results of this review support the use of exercise as a weight loss intervention, particularly when combined with dietary change, and are associated with improved cardiovascular disease risk factors even if no weight is lost.
Physical interventions to interrupt or reduce the spread of respiratory viruses.
TLDR
The highest quality cluster-RCTs suggest respiratory virus spread can be prevented by hygienic measures, such as handwashing, especially around younger children, as well asSimple and low-cost interventions would be useful for reducing transmission of epidemic respiratory viruses.
Psychological interventions for overweight or obesity.
TLDR
People who are overweight or obese benefit from psychological interventions, particularly behavioural and cognitive-behavioural strategies, to enhance weight reduction, and the bulk of the evidence supports the use of behavioural and Cognitive-beh behavioural strategies.
Physical interventions to interrupt or reduce the spread of respiratory viruses: systematic review
TLDR
Routine long term implementation of some of the measures to interrupt or reduce the spread of respiratory viruses might be difficult, however, many simple and low cost interventions reduce the transmission of epidemic respiratory viruses.
Antibiotics for sore throat.
TLDR
There was a trend for protection against acute glomerulonephritis by antibiotics by antibiotics, but insufficient cases were recorded to be sure of this effect.
Reducing inappropriate polypharmacy: the process of deprescribing.
TLDR
A deprescribing protocol is proposed comprising 5 steps: ascertain all drugs the patient is currently taking and the reasons for each one, and prioritize drugs for discontinuation that have the lowest benefit-harm ratio and lowest likelihood of adverse withdrawal reactions or disease rebound syndromes.
Neuraminidase inhibitors for preventing and treating influenza in healthy adults and children.
TLDR
The effects of oseltamivir on time to first alleviation of symptoms and hospitalisations using the intention-to-treat (ITT) population and tested five hypotheses generated post-protocol publication are reviewed.
Meeting in the middle: improving communication in primary health care consultations with people with an intellectual disability
TLDR
It was suggested that GPs were concerned with the aspects of communication difficulties which influenced their ability to adequately diagnose, manage and inform patients, and implications for practice management were identified.
Delayed antibiotics for respiratory infections.
TLDR
Immediate antibiotics was the strategy most likely to provide the best clinical outcomes in patients with sore throat and otitis media, and delaying antibiotics seems to have little advantage over avoiding them altogether where it is safe to do so.
WHO Rapid Advice Guidelines for pharmacological management of sporadic human infection with avian influenza A (H5N1) virus
TLDR
A strong recommendation to treat H5N1 patients with oseltamivir was made in part because of the severity of the disease, and strong recommendations were made to use neuraminidase inhibitors as chemoprophylaxis in high-risk exposure populations.
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