• Publications
  • Influence
Self-control relies on glucose as a limited energy source: willpower is more than a metaphor.
The present work suggests that self-control relies on glucose as a limited energy source. Laboratory tests of self-control (i.e., the Stroop task, thought suppression, emotion regulation, attentionExpand
  • 1,108
  • 94
  • PDF
Does social exclusion motivate interpersonal reconnection? Resolving the "porcupine problem".
Evidence from 6 experiments supports the social reconnection hypothesis, which posits that the experience of social exclusion increases the motivation to forge social bonds with new sources ofExpand
  • 807
  • 71
  • PDF
Social exclusion impairs self-regulation.
Six experiments showed that being excluded or rejected caused decrements in self-regulation. In Experiment 1, participants who were led to anticipate a lonely future life were less able to makeExpand
  • 1,017
  • 60
  • PDF
Social exclusion decreases prosocial behavior.
In 7 experiments, the authors manipulated social exclusion by telling people that they would end up alone later in life or that other participants had rejected them. Social exclusion caused aExpand
  • 857
  • 42
  • PDF
Violence restrained: Effects of self-regulation and its depletion on aggression
Aggressive impulses arise from many factors, but they are usually held in check by social norms for self-control. Thus, the proximal cause of aggression is often failure of self-restraint. In fiveExpand
  • 571
  • 34
  • PDF
Self-regulation and personality: how interventions increase regulatory success, and how depletion moderates the effects of traits on behavior.
Self-regulation is a highly adaptive, distinctively human trait that enables people to override and alter their responses, including changing themselves so as to live up to social and otherExpand
  • 726
  • 25
  • PDF
Acetaminophen Reduces Social Pain
Pain, whether caused by physical injury or social rejection, is an inevitable part of life. These two types of pain—physical and social—may rely on some of the same behavioral and neural mechanismsExpand
  • 315
  • 22
  • PDF
Alone but feeling no pain: Effects of social exclusion on physical pain tolerance and pain threshold, affective forecasting, and interpersonal empathy.
Prior findings of emotional numbness (rather than distress) among socially excluded persons led the authors to investigate whether exclusion causes a far-reaching insensitivity to both physical andExpand
  • 395
  • 22
  • PDF
Birth cohort increases in psychopathology among young Americans, 1938-2007: A cross-temporal meta-analysis of the MMPI.
Two cross-temporal meta-analyses find large generational increases in psychopathology among American college students (N=63,706) between 1938 and 2007 on the MMPI and MMPI-2 and high school studentsExpand
  • 379
  • 22
  • PDF
Prosocial Benefits of Feeling Free: Disbelief in Free Will Increases Aggression and Reduces Helpfulness
Laypersons' belief in free will may foster a sense of thoughtful reflection and willingness to exert energy, thereby promoting helpfulness and reducing aggression, and so disbelief in free will mayExpand
  • 282
  • 22
  • PDF