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Forecasting Agriculturally Driven Global Environmental Change
Should past dependences of the global environmental impacts of agriculture on human population and consumption continue, 109 hectares of natural ecosystems would be converted to agriculture by 2050, accompanied by 2.4- to 2.7-fold increases in nitrogen- and phosphorus-driven eutrophication of terrestrial, freshwater, and near-shore marine ecosystems. Expand
Biological invasions by exotic grasses, the grass/fire cycle, and global change
Biological invasions into wholly new regions are a consequence of a far reaching but underappreciated component of global environmental change, the human-caused breakdown of biogeographic barriers toExpand
Plant invasions — the role of mutualisms
The view that tightly coevolved, plant‐vertebrate seed dispersal systems are extremely rare is supported and perspectives on mutualisms in screening protocols will improve the ability to predict whether a given plant species could invade a particular habitat. Expand
Effects of Invasive Alien Plants on Fire Regimes
A multiphase model describing the interrelationships between plant invaders and fire regimes is presented, a system for evaluating the relative effects of invaders and prioritizing them for control is provided, and ways to restore pre-invasion fire regime properties are recommended. Expand
It is suggested that biological invasions by notorious species like the zebra mussel, and its many less-famous counterparts, have become so widespread as to represent a significant component of global environmental change. Expand
The Report of the Ecological Society of America Committee on the Scientific Basis for Ecosystem Management
Ecosystem management is management driven by explicit goals, executed by policies, protocols, and practices, and made adaptable by monitoring and research based on our best understanding of theExpand
Elton revisited: a review of evidence linking diversity and invasibility
It is found that much of the historical work that has contributed to the perception that diverse communities are less invasible, including Elton's observations and MacArthur's species-packing and diversity-stability models is based on controversial premises. Expand
Fire in the Earth System
What is known and what is needed to develop a holistic understanding of the role of fire in the Earth system are reviewed, particularly in view of the pervasive impact of fires and the likelihood that they will become increasingly difficult to control as climate changes. Expand
Introduced annual grass increases regional fire activity across the arid western USA (1980-2009).
It is demonstrated that cheatgrass invasion has substantially altered the regional fire regime in the Great Basin, USA, and this study is the first to document recent cheatgrass-driven fire regimes at a regional scale. Expand
Exotic plant species as problems and solutions in ecological restoration : A synthesis
The types of effects exotic species may have that are important during restoration and research that could increase the ability to set realistic management goals are reviewed and generalizations emerging from the invasion ecology literature are linked. Expand