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Explaining the Brain: Mechanisms and the Mosaic Unity of Neuroscience
- C. Craver
- 2 August 2007
The aim of this book is to clarify the role of language in the development of explanation in the context of Neuroscience and to propose a new model of explanation based on this model, the Mosaic Unity of Neuroscience, which was proposed in this chapter.
Thinking about Mechanisms
Thinking in terms of mechanisms provides a new framework for addressing many traditional philosophical issues: causality, laws, explanation, reduction, and scientific change.
When mechanistic models explain
- C. Craver
- 3 November 2006
The Hodgkin and Huxley model of the action potential is used to illustrate the ways that models can be useful without explaining and what is required of an adequate mechanistic model.
Role Functions, Mechanisms, and Hierarchy
- C. Craver
- Computer SciencePhilosophia Scientiæ
- 1 March 2001
The synthesis of Cummins' account with recent work on mechanisms and causal/mechanical explanation produces an analysis of specifically mechanistic role functions, one that uses the characteristic active, spatial, temporal, and hierarchical organization of mechanisms to add precision and content to Cummins's original suggestion.
Top-down Causation Without Top-down Causes
We argue that intelligible appeals to interlevel causes (top-down and bottom-up) can be understood, without remainder, as appeals to mechanistically mediated effects. Mechanistically mediated effects…
The Explanatory Force of Dynamical and Mathematical Models in Neuroscience: A Mechanistic Perspective*
It is demonstrated how this model-to-mechanism-mapping constraint, when satisfied, endows a model with explanatory force with respect to the phenomenon to be explained.
What kinds of things are psychiatric disorders?
It is argued that psychiatric disorders are objectively grounded features of the causal structure of the mind/brain and a model first proposed for biological species, mechanistic property cluster (MPC) kinds, can provide a useful framework.
Integrating psychology and neuroscience: functional analyses as mechanism sketches
A framework for building a unified science of cognition is sketched by showing how functional analyses of cognitive capacities can be integrated with the multilevel mechanistic explanations of neural systems.
In Search of Mechanisms: Discoveries across the Life Sciences
In Search of Mechanisms, Carl F. Craver and Lindley Darden offer both a descriptive and an instructional account of how biologists discover mechanisms, and pose a systematic view of what biology is, how biology makes progress, how biological discoveries are and might be made, and of why knowledge of biological mechanisms is important for the future of the human species.