The prevalence and correlates of adult ADHD in the United States: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication.
Efforts are needed to increase the detection and treatment of adult ADHD and research is needed to determine whether effective treatment would reduce the onset, persistence, and severity of disorders that co-occur with adult ADHD.
The Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC): factor structure, reliability, and validity.
- J. March, J. Parker, K. Sullivan, P. Stallings, C. Conners
- PsychologyJournal of the American Academy of Child and…
- 1 April 1997
The MASC factor structure, which presumably reflects the in the vivo structure of pediatric anxiety symptoms, is invariant across gender and age and shows excellent internal reliability and is a promising self-report scale for assessing anxiety in children and adolescents.
Conners Rating Scales-Revised.
- C. Conners
The Revised Conners' Parent Rating Scale (CPRS-R): Factor Structure, Reliability, and Criterion Validity
- C. Conners, G. Sitarenios, J. Parker, J. Epstein
- PsychologyJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
- 1 August 1998
A revised CPRS (CPRS-R) is introduced which has norms derived from a large, representative sample of North American children, uses confirmatory factor analysis to develop a definitive factor structure, and has an updated item content to reflect recent knowledge and developments concerning childhood behavior problems.
Normative data on Revised Conners Parent and Teacher Rating Scales
Normative data are presented for 570 children on newly revised versions of the Conners Parent and Teacher Rating Scales, found to be significant determinants of children 's scores, while social class effects were nonsignificant.
Clinical relevance of the primary findings of the MTA: success rates based on severity of ADHD and ODD symptoms at the end of treatment.
- J. Swanson, H. Kraemer, M. Wu
- Medicine, PsychologyJournal of the American Academy of Child and…
- 1 February 2001
These secondary analyses confirm the primary findings and clarify clinical decisions about the choice between multimodal and unimodal treatment with medication.
A teacher rating scale for use in drug studies with children.
- C. Conners
- Psychology, MedicineAmerican Journal of Psychiatry
- 1 December 1969
The author describes and emphasizes the value of a symptom and behavior rating checklist for teachers' use in drug studies with children with significant changes in all factors compared with a placebo group in a double-blind study.
A 14-month randomized clinical trial of treatment strategies for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. The MTA Cooperative Group. Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD.
- P. Jensen, L. E. Arnold, H. Kraemer
- Psychology, MedicineArchives of General Psychiatry
- 1 December 1999
The authors' carefully crafted medication management was superior to behavioral treatment and to routine community care that included medication for ADHD symptoms, and may have provided modest advantages for non-ADHD symptom and positive functioning outcomes.
ADHD comorbidity findings from the MTA study: comparing comorbid subgroups.
- P. Jensen, S. Hinshaw, B. Vitiello
- Psychology, MedicineJournal of the American Academy of Child and…
- 1 February 2001
Three clinical profiles are indicated, ADHD co-occurring with internalizing disorders (principally parent-reported anxiety disorders) absent any concurrent disruptive disorder (ADHD + ANX), ADHD Co-occurred with ODD/CD but no anxiety (AD HD + ODD /CD), and ADHD with both anxiety and O DD/CD may be sufficiently distinct to warrant classification as ADHD subtypes different from "pure" ADHD with neither comorbidity.