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Subchronic nose-only inhalation study of propylene glycol in Sprague-Dawley rats.
Chronic Nose-only Inhalation Study in Rats, comparing Room-aged Sidestream Cigarette Smoke and Diesel Engine Exhaust
In rats exposed to DEE, but not to RASS, the following series of events occurs: particle deposition in lungs → lung “overload” → pulmonary inflammation → tumorigenesis, without a significant modifying role of cell proliferation or DNA adduct formation.
Smoke chemistry, in vitro and in vivo toxicology evaluations of the electrically heated cigarette smoking system series K.
Light and intermittent cigarette smokers: a review (1989–2009)
- C. Coggins, E. L. Murrelle, R. Carchman, C. Heidbreder
- Psychology, MedicinePsychopharmacology
- 3 October 2009
In contrast to daily smokers, LITS show few or no signs of dependence as currently defined by DSM-IV criteria, appear to exercise more self-control, seem to be less impulsive, and their smoking experience is primarily associated with positive rather than negative reinforcement.
Histologic changes in the respiratory tract induced by inhalation of xenobiotics: physiologic adaptation or toxicity?
Comparative Inhalation Study in Rats, Using a Second Prototype of a Cigarette that Heats Rather than Burns Tobacco
Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed nose-only for 1 h/day on weekdays for 13 weeks to the smoke from test and reference cigarettes, indicating that most of the changes observed in the reference animals were absent in the test animals.
中国灵长类生物地理与自然保护 : 过去、现在与未来 = The primates of China: biogeography and conservation status : past, present and future
Ninety-day inhalation study in rats, comparing smoke from cigarettes that heat tobacco with those that burn tobacco☆
Possible effects on smokers of cigarette mentholation: a review of the evidence relating to key research questions.