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Mass mortality in Northwestern Mediterranean rocky benthic communities: effects of the 2003 heat wave
Late in summer 2003, extensive mass mortality of at least 25 rocky benthic macro‐invertebrate species (mainly gorgonians and sponges) was observed in the entire Northwestern (NW) Mediterranean…
A catastrophic mass‐mortality episode of gorgonians and other organisms in the Ligurian Sea (North‐western Mediterranean), summer 1999
In the late summer of 1999, an extensive mortality of gorgonians and other epi-benthic organisms was observed in the Ligurian Sea (Mediterranean Sea) from the Tuscan Archipelago to Marseille.…
Vibrio infections triggering mass mortality events in a warming Mediterranean Sea.
- L. Vezzulli, Monica Previati, C. Pruzzo, A. Marchese, D. Bourne, C. Cerrano
- Environmental ScienceEnvironmental microbiology
- 1 July 2010
It is concluded that Vibrio infections may act as an additional triggering mechanism of mass mortality events in the coastal Mediterranean Sea and that their occurrence is climate-linked.
Oxygen consumption in Mediterranean octocorals under different temperatures
16SrDNA Pyrosequencing of the Mediterranean Gorgonian Paramuricea clavata Reveals a Link among Alterations in Bacterial Holobiont Members, Anthropogenic Influence and Disease Outbreaks
- L. Vezzulli, E. Pezzati, Carla Huete-Stauffer, C. Pruzzo, C. Cerrano
- Environmental SciencePloS one
- 26 June 2013
Analysis of bacterial communities associated with the purple gorgonian Paramuricea clavata, one of the most affected species, collected at different geographic locations and depth suggests that anthropogenic influence may play a significant role in determining the coral health status by affecting the composition of the associated microbial community.
Gold coral (Savalia savaglia) and gorgonian forests enhance benthic biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in the mesophotic zone
- C. Cerrano, R. Danovaro, C. Gambi, A. Pusceddu, A. Riva, S. Schiaparelli
- Environmental ScienceBiodiversity and Conservation
The results suggest that S. savaglia should be particularly protected not only for its specific rarity, endemism and vulnerability but also because it has a prominent role in sustaining high levels of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in the surrounding benthos of the twilight zone.
Gorgonian population recovery after a mass mortality event
The average size of the colonies decreased, indicating a size-dependent mortality episode, but their density, as a result of successful recruitment, was not altered after 3 yr, and P. clavata showed three recovery patterns: sexual reproduction, coenenchyme regeneration and fragmentation of affected branches.
Structural characterization of siliceous spicules from marine sponges.
Paramuricea clavata (Anthozoa, Octocorallia) loss in the Marine Protected Area of Tavolara (Sardinia, Italy) due to a mass mortality event
This work documents the loss of one of the main Mediterranean seascapes, Paramuricea clavata forests at the Marine Protected Area of Tavolara Punta Coda Cavallo, Sardinia, during the summer of 2008 and identifies a change in size class distribution following a mass mortality that leaves mainly small colonies with a decrease in habitat complexity.
Hydrozoa (Cnidaria) symbiotic with Porifera: a review
- S. Puce, B. Calcinai, G. Bavestrello, C. Cerrano, C. Gravili, F. Boero
- Environmental Science
- 1 June 2005
The described relationships of hydrozoans symbiotic with sponges are reviewed and new observations are reported.