• Publications
  • Influence
You want to measure coping but your protocol’ too long: Consider the brief cope
  • C. Carver
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • International journal of behavioral medicine
  • 1997
A brief form of a previously published measure of coping assessing several responses known to be relevant to effective and ineffective coping called the COPE inventory is presented, which has proven to be useful in health-related research. Expand
Assessing coping strategies: a theoretically based approach.
A multidimensional coping inventory to assess the different ways in which people respond to stress was developed and an initial examination of associations between dispositional and situational coping tendencies was allowed. Expand
Behavioral inhibition, behavioral activation, and affective responses to impending reward and punishment: The BIS/BAS Scales
J. A. Gray (1981, 1982) holds that 2 general motivational systems underlie behavior and affect: a behavioral inhibition system (BIS) and a behavioral activation system (BAS). Self-report scales toExpand
Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): a reevaluation of the Life Orientation Test.
Examination of the scale on somewhat different grounds, however, does suggest that future applications can benefit from its revision, and a minor modification to the Life Orientation Test is described, along with data bearing on the revised scale's psychometric properties. Expand
Optimism, coping, and health: assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies.
  • M. Scheier, C. Carver
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Health psychology : official journal of the…
  • 20 October 2009
A scale measuring dispositional optimism, defined in terms of generalized outcome expectancies, was used in a longitudinal study of symptom reporting among a group of undergraduates and predicted that subjects who initially reported being highly optimistic were subsequently less likely to report being bothered by symptoms. Expand
On the Self-Regulation of Behavior
1. Introduction and plan 2. Principles of feedback control 3. Discrepancy reducing feedback processes in behavior 4. Discrepancy enlarging loops, and three further issues 5. Goals and behavior 6.Expand
How coping mediates the effect of optimism on distress: a study of women with early stage breast cancer.
Path analyses suggested that several coping reactions played mediating roles in the effect of optimism on distress; acceptance and the use of humor prospectively predicted lower distress; denial and disengagement predicted more distress. Expand
Personality and coping.
Relations of traits to specific coping responses reveal a more nuanced picture and recommendations are presented for ways future research can expand on the growing understanding of how personality and coping shape adjustment to stress. Expand
Origins and Functions of Positive and Negative Affect: A Control-Process View.
The question of how affect arises and what affect indicates is examined from a feedback-based view-point on self-regulation. Using the analogy of action control as the attempt to diminish distance toExpand
Control theory: a useful conceptual framework for personality-social, clinical, and health psychology.
The basic construct of control theory is presented—the discrepancy-reducing feedback loop—and certain of its implications for theory in three separate areas of human psychology are discussed, demonstrating the breadth of its applicability. Expand