Conflict monitoring and cognitive control.
- M. Botvinick, T. Braver, D. Barch, C. Carter, J. Cohen
- Psychology, BiologyPsychology Review
- 29 June 2001
Two computational modeling studies are reported, serving to articulate the conflict monitoring hypothesis and examine its implications, including a feedback loop connecting conflict monitoring to cognitive control, and a number of important behavioral phenomena.
Anterior Cingulate Conflict Monitoring and Adjustments in Control
- J. Kerns, J. Cohen, A. MacDonald, R. Cho, V. Stenger, C. Carter
- Psychology, BiologyScience
- 13 February 2004
Using the Stroop color-naming task and controlling for repetition effects, it is demonstrated that ACC conflict-related activity predicts both greater prefrontal cortex activity and adjustments in behavior, supporting a role of ACC conflict monitoring in the engagement of cognitive control.
Dissociating the role of the dorsolateral prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortex in cognitive control.
Event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging and a task-switching version of the Stroop task were used to examine whether these components of cognitive control have distinct neural bases in the human brain and a double dissociation was found.
Anterior cingulate cortex, error detection, and the online monitoring of performance.
Results confirm that this region shows activity during erroneous responses, but activity was also observed in the same region during correct responses under conditions of increased response competition, which suggests that the ACC detects conditions under which errors are likely to occur rather than errors themselves.
The Timing of Action-Monitoring Processes in the Anterior Cingulate Cortex
The temporal resolution of high-density event-related potentials (ERPs) in combination with source localization is used to investigate the timing of ACC activity during conflict and error detection and predicted that the same area of the ACC is active prior to high-conflict correct responses and following erroneous responses.
Conflict monitoring and anterior cingulate cortex: an update
Conflict monitoring versus selection-for-action in anterior cingulate cortex
Functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to measure brain activation during performance of a task where, for a particular subset of trials, the strength of selection-for-action is inversely related to the degree of response conflict, providing evidence in favour of the conflict-monitoring account of ACC function.
The anterior cingulate as a conflict monitor: fMRI and ERP studies
Meta-analytic evidence for a superordinate cognitive control network subserving diverse executive functions
- T. Niendam, A. Laird, K. Ray, Y. M. Dean, D. Glahn, C. Carter
- Psychology, BiologyCognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience
- 27 January 2012
Classic cognitive theory conceptualizes executive functions as involving multiple specific domains, including initiation, inhibition, working memory, flexibility, planning, and vigilance. Lesion and…
Parsing executive processes: strategic vs. evaluative functions of the anterior cingulate cortex.
- C. Carter, A. Macdonald, J. Cohen
- PsychologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
- 15 February 2000
Event-related functional MRI and a version of the Stroop color naming task were used to test two conflicting theories of anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) function during executive processes of…