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Peritonitis: update on pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, and management.
The infrequent occurrence of bacteremia and peritonitis develops in up to 25% of patients with alcoholic the multiplicity of species in peritoneal fluid when anaerobic cirrhosis but has also been reported to occur in adults with bacteria are involved suggest that transmural migration of bacpostnecrotic Cirrhosis, chronic active hepatitis, acute viral hepa- teria is the probable route of infection of ascitic fluid in most of these patients. Expand
Oropharyngeal candidiasis in patients with AIDS: randomized comparison of fluconazole versus nystatin oral suspensions.
Fluconazole oral suspension as a systemic therapy was more effective than liquid nystatin as a topical therapy in the treatment of oral candidiasis in HIV-infected patients and provided a longer disease-free interval before relapse. Expand
Index case of fatal inhalational anthrax due to bioterrorism in the United States.
This 63-year-old newspaper photo editor had a rapidly progressive febrile illness, and lumbar puncture showed cloudy cerebrospinal fluid with numerous polymorphonuclear leukocytes and many large gram-positive bacilli, singly and in chains. Expand
High-level penicillin resistance among isolates of enterococci. Implications for treatment of enterococcal infections.
The findings from in-vitro survival studies showed that this high-level resistance resulted in the loss of bactericidal activity normally observed when an aminoglycoside antibiotic agent is combined with penicillin. Expand
Bacteroides gracilis, an important anaerobic bacterial pathogen.
The association of B. gracilis with serious deep-tissue infection, coupled with the relatively high frequency of antibiotic resistance, indicates that it is an important, previously unrecognized, pathogen. Expand
Activity of cefepime against ceftazidime-resistant gram-negative bacilli using low and high inocula.
Overall, cefepime proved to be more resistant to hydrolysis by the beta-lactamase than for ceftazidime and to be of consequence in determining susceptibility of P. aeruginosa and Enterobacter spp. Expand
Ciprofloxacin for eradication of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization.
Although there is the potential for increased resistance, ciprofloxacin is an important new option that can be used as a single agent for eradication of MRSA colonization and infection. Expand
Treatment and long-term follow-up of foot infections in patients with diabetes or ischemia: a randomized, prospective, double-blind comparison of cefoxitin and ceftizoxime.
Ceftizoxime had superior in vitro activity against Enterobacteriaceae, especially Enterobacteria cloacae, whereas cefoxitin had better activity against the Bacteroides fragilis group. Expand
Definitions, classification, and clinical presentation of urinary tract infections.
  • C. C. Johnson
  • Medicine
  • The Medical clinics of North America
  • 1 March 1991
A classification of these infections and their clinical features is presented and basic terminology used in describing urinary tract infections is defined. Expand
Uncommonly encountered, motile, anaerobic gram-negative bacilli associated with infection.
This experience provides the first case reports of infection involving the last two motile anaerobes mentioned, and the current medical literature on such infections was reviewed. Expand