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Elevated Risk for HIV Infection among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Low- and Middle-Income Countries 2000–2006: A Systematic Review
Background Recent reports of high HIV infection rates among men who have sex with men (MSM) from Asia, Africa, Latin America, and the former Soviet Union (FSU) suggest high levels of HIV transmission
HIV Prevalence, Risks for HIV Infection, and Human Rights among Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) in Malawi, Namibia, and Botswana
TLDR
MSM are a high-risk group for HIV infection and human rights abuses in Malawi, Namibia, and Botswana and these countries should initiate and adequately fund evidence-based and targeted HIV prevention programs for MSM.
Overland heroin trafficking routes and HIV-1 spread in south and south-east Asia
TLDR
Overland heroin export routes have been associated with dual epidemics of injecting drug use and HIV infection in three Asian countries and along four routes, indicating that single country narcotics and HIV programs are unlikely to succeed unless the regional narcotic-based economy is addressed.
A Recent Outbreak of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection in Southern China Was Initiated by Two Highly Homogeneous, Geographically Separated Strains, Circulating Recombinant Form AE and a
TLDR
Rapid spread of HIV-1 among IDUs may foster the emergence of highly homogeneous strains, including novel recombinants in regions with multiple subtypes, according to evaluated five virtually full-length HIV- 1 genome sequences from IDUs in Guangxi.
Modified social ecological model: a tool to guide the assessment of the risks and risk contexts of HIV epidemics
TLDR
A modified social ecological model (MSEM) is proposed to help visualize multi-level domains of HIV infection risks and guide the development of epidemiologic HIV studies, which is a flexible model for guiding Epidemiologic studies among key populations at risk for HIV in diverse sociocultural contexts.
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