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Mutations in the gene encoding the synaptic scaffolding protein SHANK3 are associated with autism spectrum disorders
It is reported that a mutation of a single copy of SHANK3 on chromosome 22q13 can result in language and/or social communication disorders.
Mutations of the X-linked genes encoding neuroligins NLGN3 and NLGN4 are associated with autism
Many studies have supported a genetic etiology for autism. Here we report mutations in two X-linked genes encoding neuroligins NLGN3 and NLGN4 in siblings with autism-spectrum disorders. These
Functional impact of global rare copy number variation in autism spectrum disorders
The genome-wide characteristics of rare (<1% frequency) copy number variation in ASD are analysed using dense genotyping arrays to reveal many new genetic and functional targets in ASD that may lead to final connected pathways.
Patterns and rates of exonic de novo mutations in autism spectrum disorders
Results from de novo events and a large parallel case–control study provide strong evidence in favour of CHD8 and KATNAL2 as genuine autism risk factors and support polygenic models in which spontaneous coding mutations in any of a large number of genes increases risk by 5- to 20-fold.
Mapping autism risk loci using genetic linkage and chromosomal rearrangements
Linkage and copy number variation analyses implicate chromosome 11p12–p13 and neurexins, respectively, among other candidate loci, highlighting glutamate-related genes as promising candidates for contributing to ASDs.
Genetic relationship between five psychiatric disorders estimated from genome-wide SNPs
Empirical evidence of shared genetic etiology for psychiatric disorders can inform nosology and encourages the investigation of common pathophysiologies for related disorders.
Convergence of Genes and Cellular Pathways Dysregulated in Autism Spectrum Disorders
A genome-wide scan for common alleles affecting risk for autism
In one of four primary association analyses, the association signal for marker rs4141463, located within MACROD2, crossed the genome-wide association significance threshold of P < 5 × 10−8 and, consistent with the winner's curse, its effect size in the replication sample was much smaller.