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Nine-Year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) Observations: Final Maps and Results
We present the final nine-year maps and basic results from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) mission. The full nine-year analysis of the time-ordered data provides updatedExpand
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First Year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) Observations: Foreground Emission
The WMAP mission has mapped the full sky to determine the geometry, content, and evolution of the universe. Full sky maps are made in five microwave frequency bands to separate the temperatureExpand
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The Spectrum of the extragalactic far infrared background from the COBE FIRAS observations
The COBE FIRAS data contain foreground emission from interplanetary, Galactic interstellar dust and extragalactic background emission. We use three different methods to separate the various emissionExpand
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The 1% Concordance Hubble Constant
The determination of the Hubble constant has been a central goal in observational astrophysics for nearly a hundred years. Extraordinary progress has occurred in recent years on two fronts: theExpand
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Preliminary spectral observations of the Galaxy with a 7 deg beam by the Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE)
The FIR absolute spectrophotometer (FIRAS) on the Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) has carried out the first all-sky spectral line survey in the FIR region, as well as mapping spectra of theExpand
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COBE Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer Observations of Galactic Lines
The COBE Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) observations constitute an unbiased survey over the wavelength range from 100 μm to 1 cm over 99% of the sky. Improved calibration of theExpand
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Far-Infrared Spectral Observations of the Galaxy by COBE
We derive Galactic continuum spectra from 5-96 cm(-1) fromCOBE/FIRAS observations. The spectra are dominated by warm dust emission,which may be fitted with a single temperature in the range 16-21 KExpand
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Quantifying discordance in the 2015 Planck CMB spectrum
We examine the internal consistency of the Planck 2015 cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature anisotropy power spectrum. We show that tension exists between cosmological constant cold darkExpand
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Cosmic temperature fluctuations from two years of COBE differential microwave radiometers observations
The first two years of COBE DMR observations of the CMB anisotropy are analyzed and compared with our previously published first year results. The results are consistent, but the addition of theExpand
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