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Operating characteristics of a rank correlation test for publication bias.
An adjusted rank correlation test is proposed as a technique for identifying publication bias in a meta-analysis, and its operating characteristics are evaluated via simulations. The test statisticExpand
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Improving the Quality of Reporting of Randomized Controlled Trials: The CONSORT Statement
THE RANDOMIZED controlled trial (RCT), more than any other methodology, can have a powerful and immediate impact on patient care. Ideally, the report of such an evaluation needs to convey to theExpand
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Assessment of diagnostic tests when disease verification is subject to selection bias.
In the assessment of the statistical properties of a diagnostic test, for example the sensitivity and specificity of the test, it is common to derive estimates from a sample limited to those casesExpand
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Improving the quality of reporting of randomized controlled trials. The CONSORT statement.
THE RANDOMIZED controlled trial (RCT), more than any other methodology, can have a powerful and immediate impact on patient care. Ideally, the report of such an evaluation needs to convey to theExpand
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Impact of hospital volume on operative mortality for major cancer surgery.
CONTEXT Hospitals that treat a relatively high volume of patients for selected surgical oncology procedures report lower surgical in-hospital mortality rates than hospitals with a low volume of theExpand
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Probabilistic Sensitivity Analysis Using Monte Carlo Simulation
The data for medical decision analyses are often unreliable. Traditional sensitivity analysis--varying one or more probability or utility estimates from baseline values to see if the optimal strategyExpand
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Variations in lung cancer risk among smokers.
BACKGROUND Although there is no proven benefit associated with screening for lung cancer, screening programs are attracting many individuals who perceive themselves to be at high risk due to smoking.Expand
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Prognostic effect of weight loss prior tochemotherapy in cancer patients
The prognostic effect of weight loss prior to chemotherapy was analyzedusing data from 3,047 patients enrolled in 12 chemotherapy protocols of the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group. The frequency ofExpand
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Phase III multicenter randomized trial of the Dartmouth regimen versus dacarbazine in patients with metastatic melanoma.
PURPOSE Several single-institution phase II trials have reported that the Dartmouth regimen (dacarbazine, cisplatin, carmustine, and tamoxifen) can induce major tumor responses in 40% to 50% of stageExpand
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