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Agmatine: an endogenous clonidine-displacing substance in the brain.
TLDR
Agmatine, locally synthesized, is an endogenous agonist at imidazoline receptors, a noncatecholamine ligand at alpha 2-adrenergic receptors and may act as a neurotransmitter.
Alzheimer's Disease Amyloid-β Binds Copper and Zinc to Generate an Allosterically Ordered Membrane-penetrating Structure Containing Superoxide Dismutase-like Subunits*
TLDR
It is suggested that metal binding to Aβ generated an allosterically ordered membrane-penetrating oligomer linked by superoxide dismutase-like bridging histidine residues, accompanied by peptide oligomerization and membrane penetration.
Isolation and characterization of polyunsaturated fatty acid producing Thraustochytrium species: screening of strains and optimization of omega-3 production
TLDR
An isolation program targeting Thraustochytrids (marine fungoid protists) from 19 different Atlantic Canadian locations was performed, and this strain, ONC-T18, was found to produce the carotenoids and xanthophylls astaxanthin, zeaxanth in, canthaxanthIn, echinenone, and β-carotene.
A Simple 96-Well Microplate Method for Estimation of Total Polyphenol Content in Seaweeds
TLDR
There is a strong correlation between the total polyphenol content and the potency of antioxidant effect and a simple method based on the classic Folin-Ciocalteau colorimetric reaction was developed based on seaweed polyphenols.
Solution structures of beta peptide and its constituent fragments: relation to amyloid deposition.
TLDR
Beta peptide is not by itself an insoluble protein (as originally thought), and localized or normal age-related alterations of pH may be necessary for the self-assembly and deposition of beta peptide.
Enzyme-assisted extraction of bioactives from plants.
TLDR
An enzyme-assisted extraction of stevioside from Stevia rebaudiana is discussed, as an example of a process of potential value to the food industry.
Copper and zinc binding modulates the aggregation and neurotoxic properties of the prion peptide PrP106-126.
TLDR
It is shown that PrP106-126 aggregation, as assessed by turbidometry, is abolished in Chelex-100-treated buffer, and Mutagenesis of either His-111, Met-109, or Met-112 abolished PrP 106-126 neurotoxicity and its ability to form fibrils.
Solution conformations and aggregational properties of synthetic amyloid beta-peptides of Alzheimer's disease. Analysis of circular dichroism spectra.
TLDR
Differences between the solution conformations of the beta-(1-39) and beta-1-42 peptides suggests that the last 3 C-terminal amino acids are crucial to amyloid deposition, and suggests that beta-peptide is not an intrinsically insoluble peptide.
A Review on the Assessment of Stress Conditions for Simultaneous Production of Microalgal Lipids and Carotenoids
TLDR
The review considers the potential of microalgae to produce a range of products and indicates future directions for developing suitable criteria for choosing novel isolates through bioprospecting large gene pool of microalga obtained from various habitats and climatic conditions.
Antidiabetic properties of polysaccharide- and polyphenolic-enriched fractions from the brown seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum.
TLDR
Mice treated with PPE and PPE-F1 had decreased blood total cholesterol and glycated serum protein levels compared with untreated diabetic mice, whereas PPE also normalized the reduction in liver glycogen level that occurred in diabetic animals.
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