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Biological monitoring of pesticide exposure: a review of analytical methods.
A wide range of studies concerned with analytical methods for biological monitoring of exposure to pesticides is reviewed. All phases of analytical procedures are assessed, including sampling andExpand
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Biologic monitoring of exposure to organophosphorus pesticides in 195 Italian children.
One hundred ninety-five 6- to 7-year-old children who lived in the municipality of Siena (Tuscany, Italy), underwent biologic monitoring to evaluate urinary excretion of several alkylphosphates thatExpand
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Twenty-four-hour urinary excretion of ten pesticide metabolites in healthy adults in two different areas of Italy (Florence and Ragusa).
The determination of pesticide metabolites in human biological fluids represents an important biomarker of exposure in the general population and exposed workers. In the frame of a prospective study,Expand
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Exposure to Omethoate During Stapling of Ornamental Plants in Intensive Cultivation Tunnels: Influence of Environmental Conditions on Absorption ofthe Pesticide
This report describes a study of exposure to omethoate during manual operations with ornamental plants in two intensive cultivation tunnels (tunnel 8 and tunnel 5). Airborne concentrations ofExpand
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Analytical method for the determination of urinary alkylphosphates in subjects occupationally exposed to organophosphorus pesticides and in the general population.
The determination of urinary alkylphosphates monitors occupational exposure to organophosphorus pesticides and insecticides. This paper describes a method for the quantitative determination of theExpand
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Assessment of reference values for mercury in urine: the results of an Italian polycentric study.
The results of a polycentric study to assess the reference values of urinary mercury (U-Hg) in four Italian cities are presented. A total of 383 subjects were selected on the basis of standardisedExpand
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Urinary excretion of alkylphosphates in the general population (Italy).
Xenobiotic residues and their metabolites in biological fluids of the general population are an important indicator of exposure to toxic substances dispersed in the environment. Urine samplesExpand
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Reference values of urinary ethylenethiourea in four regions of Italy (multicentric study).
The results of a study in which urinary ethylenethiourea (ETU) was assayed in the general population (167 subjects) of four Regions of Italy (Veneto, Lombardy, Piedmont and Trentino Alto Adige) areExpand
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Biological monitoring of exposure to chlorpyrifos-methyl by assay of urinary alkylphosphates and 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol.
The results of biological monitoring by assay of urinary 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol and alkylphosphates (DMP, DMTP) in groups of 9 and 2 workers exposed to chlorpyrifos-methyl during vine sprayingExpand
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Evaluation of respiratory and cutaneous doses of chlorothalonil during re-entry in greenhouses.
Five female workers were monitored for 5 consecutive days during re-entry into a greenhouse containing ornamental plants. Skin contamination (excluding hands) was evaluated with nine pads of filterExpand
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