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A DNA sequence rich in (A+T), located upstream of the -10, -35 region of the Escherichia coli ribosomal RNA promoter rrnB P1 and called the UP element, stimulates transcription by a factor of 30 in vivo, as well as in vitro in the absence of protein factors other than RNA polymerase (RNAP). When fused to other promoters, such as lacUV5, the UP element also(More)
The human herpesvirus entry mediator C (HveC/PRR1) is a member of the immunoglobulin family used as a cellular receptor by the alphaherpesviruses herpes simplex virus (HSV), pseudorabies virus, and bovine herpesvirus type 1. We previously demonstrated direct binding of the purified HveC ectodomain to purified HSV type 1 (HSV-1) and HSV-2 glycoprotein D(More)
The Escherichia coli OxyR protein requires the C-terminal contact site I region of the RNA polymerase alpha subunit for cooperative interaction with and transcription activation at OxyR-dependent promoters, suggesting direct protein-protein contact between OxyR and the C-terminal region of the alpha subunit. To determine the precise location of the OxyR(More)
The effects of a number of mutations in crp have been measured at different cyclic AMP receptor protein (CRP)-dependent Class II promoters, where the CRP-binding site is centred around 41 1/2 base pairs upstream from the transcription start point. The amino acid substitutions HL159 and TA158 result in reduced CRP-dependent activation, but the reduction(More)
The C-terminal region (amino acid residues 236-329) of the Escherichia coli RNA polymerase alpha subunit carries the contact site I for positive transcription factors. For detailed mapping of the contact site for the cAMP receptor protein (CRP), we made a library of mutant rpoA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) mutagenesis, such that each should carry a(More)
BACKGROUND The alpha subunit of eubacterial RNA polymerase comprises an N-terminal assembly domain and a mobile C-terminal domain which provides an activation contact site for class I transcription activators. One particular C-terminal alpha mutant, rpoA341, impairs the response of Escherichia coli RNA polymerase to several activators, including MelR. (More)
Class I transcription factors of Escherichia coli have been proposed to make contact with contact site I on the alpha subunit, C-terminal region of RNA polymerase with the subunit composition of alpha 2 beta beta ' sigma. Both a reconstituted mutant holoenzyme containing two C-terminally truncated alpha-235 subunits and a hybrid enzyme containing one(More)
A genetic screen was devised to obtain plasmid-borne rpoA alleles exhibiting partial or no complementation of the chromosomal Escherichia coli rpoA341 allele responsible for a pleiotropic phenotype. Nine of the ten mutants obtained carried single base pair deletions within the 3' end of rpoA resulting in frameshifting into a 72 codon +1 orf extending from(More)
Retinoids' effects on cell growth and differentiation are mediated by nuclear retinoid receptors, which are ligand-activated transcription enhancing factors. Because the expression of the retinoic acid receptor β (RARβ) gene, which is located on chromosome 3p24, is diminished in premalignant and malignant tissues it has been proposed that it acts as a tumor(More)
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