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BACKGROUND Recommendations based on scanty data have been made to lower the body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)) cutoff for obesity in Asians. OBJECTIVE The goal was to compare relations between BMI and metabolic comorbidity among Asians and US whites and blacks. METHODS We compared the prevalence rate, sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, and(More)
This study aimed to identify the risk factors for cognitive impairment among the elderly population in Taiwan. Data were drawn from three waves of the "Survey of Health and Living Status of the Elderly in Taiwan", a national longitudinal study started in 1989. We included respondents without dementia or cognitive impairment at baseline in 1993 and followed(More)
The availability of new food choices has increased dramatically in recent times, whilst increasingly sedentary lifestyles have reduced calorie intake requirements. The present study uses 24 hour dietary recall data, and biochemical and anthropometric measurements from the 1993-1996 and 2005-2008 Nutrition and Health Surveys in Taiwan (NAHSIT) to investigate(More)
For the past few years, a large number of diesel vehicles carrying gravel and sand have shuttled back and forth every day on the main route (Tai-16 and Tai-21 highways) from Shuili to Shinyi in Nantou County, Taiwan, in support of a river-dredging project. Five stations along Tai-16 and three stations along Tai-21 were selected as the exposure sites. Two(More)
The Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (NAHSIT) 2005-2008 was funded by the Department of Health to provide continued assessment of health and nutrition of the people in Taiwan. This household survey collected data from children aged less than 6 years and adults aged 19 years and above, and adopted a three-stage stratified, clustered sampling scheme(More)
PURPOSE Professional bus drivers are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease, but the underlying causes are unclear. Professional bus drivers often follow shift schedules. Especially, an association between shift work and early manifestations of cardiovascular disease has not been elucidated. Thus we investigated the links between shift work and(More)
Obesity and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) are challenging public health issues as globesity popularizes. The present study illustrates the trend of obesity and MetS for the last 12 years in Taiwan based on the analysis of Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan. Between the two surveys, a large growth on MetS prevalence was observed, from 13.6% to 25.5%. In(More)
OBJECTIVES Deficiency and/or decreased activity of methyltetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) resulted from MTHFR variants are associated with hyperhomocysteinemia, an independent risk factor for vasculopathies in diabetic patients. The aim of this study was to examine MTHFR genotypes between healthy and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) subjects. DESIGN AND(More)
The purpose of this study is to examine the predictive validity of seven mobility-related performance tests to identify and predict older adults' mobility disability status after a 2-year period. Among the 287 community-dwelling older adults who participated in the baseline assessment (physical disability status and seven performance tests), those who(More)
Microwave oxidation process (MOP) was evaluated for treatment of landfill leachate. Kinetics of persulfate oxidation in MOP, effects of pH and persulfate doses on fates of derivative organic acids, and the energy cost of MOP were evaluated. The results showed that total organic carbon (TOC) removal of 79.4%, color removal of 88.4%, and UV254 removal of(More)