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The oral male contraceptive agent 1-(2,4-dichlorobenzyl)-indazole-3-carbohydrazide (AF2364) is a new analogue of indazole-carboxylic acid. AF2364 was orally administered to rats at 50 mg/kg body weight once weekly for five consecutive weeks. The effects on fertility efficacy, hormonal profile, organ weights, tissue morphology, and serum microchemistry were(More)
On September 14, 2015 at 09:50:45 UTC the two detectors of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory simultaneously observed a transient gravitational-wave signal. The signal sweeps upwards in frequency from 35 to 250 Hz with a peak gravitational-wave strain of 1.0×10(-21). It matches the waveform predicted by general relativity for the(More)
Asian men, who consume a low fat/high fibre soya-based diet, have very much lower incidence of prostate cancer than men from North America and Europe. The soya bean is a rich source of the isoflavonic phyto-oestrogens, daidzein, genistein and equol, compounds which may be cancer-protective in Asian populations. The lignans, enterolactone and enterodiol,(More)
The three currently available male contraceptive approaches are 1) the barrier method such as the condom, 2) hormonal methods by disrupting the pituitary-testicular axis so as to impair spermatogenesis, and 3) immunological methods by preparing vaccines against male-specific antigens. We hereby describe an alternative approach in which attachments of(More)
The full-length cDNA encoding the entire open reading frame (ORF) of rat myotubularin (rMTM) was isolated from a rat testis expression library by PCR. Among the three approximately 2.9-kb cDNAs that were sequenced, one clone was different from the other two clones. It contained seven extra amino acids of FVVLNLQ; this short stretch of extra sequence was(More)
Spermatogenesis is an intriguing but complicated biological process. However, many studies since the 1960s have focused either on the hormonal events of the hypothalamus-pituitary-testicular axis or morphological events that take place in the seminiferous epithelium. Recent advances in biochemistry, cell biology, and molecular biology have shifted attention(More)
A number of FSH receptor (FSH-R) isoforms with distinct structural motifs and signaling paradigms have been described, including a single transmembrane domain variant that functions as a growth factor type receptor (FSH-R3). This study tested the hypothesis that FSH can stimulate ovarian cancer cell proliferation by acting on FSH-R3, using the tumorigenic(More)
Reperfusion injury is mediated, in part, by the upregulated expression of genes in microvascular endothelial cells that encode for inflammatory cytokines and adhesion molecules. The redox-regulated transcription factor, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB), may play a major role in the induced expression of these genes. In this study we use cultured human(More)
The events of germ cell movement during spermatogenesis are composed of intermittent phases of junction disassembly and reassembly. Although primary Sertoli cells cultured in vitro can be used to study junction reassembly, an in vitro model to study the events of junction disassembly is still lacking. We have assessed whether the CdCl(2)-induced(More)
Mutations in MTMR2, the myotubularin-related 2 gene, cause autosomal recessive Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) type 4B1, a demyelinating neuropathy with myelin outfolding and azoospermia. MTMR2 encodes a ubiquitously expressed phosphatase whose preferred substrate is phosphatidylinositol (3,5)-biphosphate, a regulator of membrane homeostasis and vesicle(More)