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OBJECTIVES We aimed to: (1) assess the association of average, low, high and variable mean blood pressure (mbp) on death and the common morbidities of very low birthweight infants, and in doing so, (2) to derive representative reference ranges for mbp in very low birthweight infants. STUDY DESIGN This five year retrospective study assessed 1 min computer(More)
The two major risk groups for acquisition of HIV in the UK are gay men and IDUs. Individuals from these risk groups vary in a number of respects in their life-style, which have the potential to affect the course of their HIV disease. This study compares gay men and IDUs from the Lothian Region of Scotland with respect to their AIDS defining diagnosis and(More)
The first-pass metabolism of acetaminophen was examined in rats after the administration of 15, 30, 150, and 300 mg kg-1 doses by intra-arterial, intravenous, portal vein, and oral routes. Plasma concentrations of acetaminophen and its two major metabolites, acetaminophen glucuronide and acetaminophen sulfate, were measured for about 5 h after drug(More)
BACKGROUND In the People's Republic of China, outpatients have limited time with their physicians. Thus, compared to inpatients, outpatients have lower medication adherence and are less knowledgeable about their disease. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of pharmaceutical care on clinical outcomes of outpatients with type 2(More)
A study on the incidence and high risk factors of hypothermia in the newborn was carried out in a period of four months (Nov. 1988-Feb. 1989) in 6 counties of 3 provinces. Totally 14,809 newborns were studied, in whom 100 cases were found to be ill with sclerema, having an incidence of 6.7%. Gestational age, body weight, low room temperature, improper(More)
Deep level defects study of arsenic implanted ZnO single crystal Abstract of thesis entitled Zinc oxide has recently received great attention because of its potential applications in the fields of spintronics and optoelectronics. P-type doping is one of the greatest issues that have to be overcome for successfully developing ZnO based devices. Despite of(More)
One strategy to combat nitrate (NO3-N) contamination in rivers is to understand its sources. NO3-N sources in the East Tiaoxi River of the Yangtze Delta Region were investigated by applying a (15)N-(18)O dual isotope approach. Water samples were collected from the main channel and from the tributaries. Results show that high total N and NO3-N are present in(More)
The contribution of gastrointestinal tract (GIT), liver, and lung towards the first-pass metabolism of acetaminophen was examined using 3-week-old, 10-week-old and 1-year-old rats after administration of 30 mg kg-1 doses by intra-arterial, intravenous, intraperitoneal, and oral routes. Plasma concentrations of acetaminophen and its two major metabolites,(More)