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There have been renewed interests in natural products as drug discovery sources. In particular, natural product combinations have been extensively studied, clinically tested, and widely used in traditional, folk and alternative medicines. But opinions about their therapeutic efficacies vary from placebo to synergistic effects. The important questions are(More)
Abl promotes cancers by regulating cell morphogenesis, motility, growth, and survival. Successes of several marketed and clinical trial Abl inhibitors against leukemia and other cancers and appearances of reduced efficacies and drug resistances have led to significant interest in and efforts for developing new Abl inhibitors. In silico methods of(More)
Due to extensive bioprospecting efforts of the past and technology factors, there have been questions about drug discovery prospect from untapped species. We analyzed recent trends of approved drugs derived from previously untapped species, which show no sign of untapped drug-productive species being near extinction and suggest high probability of deriving(More)
Endothelial permeability is involved in injury, inflammation, diabetes and cancer. It is partly regulated by the thrombin-, histamine-, and VEGF-mediated myosin-light-chain (MLC) activation pathways. While these pathways have been investigated, questions such as temporal effects and the dynamics of multi-mediator regulation remain to be fully studied.(More)
979 20S proteasome, mTOR, dipeptidyl peptidase 4, hepatitis C virus NS3/4A protease, and CFTR and CaCC channel, respectively). The 23.8% rate for these post-NP era NME leads is comparable to the rate of previously undrugged targets addressed by synthetic drugs (17.9% rate)4. Thus, NPs and NP derivatives may still offer promise for drugs addressing new(More)
Vessel sprouting from pre-existing vasculature is a key step for the formation of a functional vasculature. The low level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induces normal and stable angiogenesis, whereas high level of VEGF causes irregular and over sprouted vasculature. Intermedin (IMD) is a novel member of calcitonin family, and was found to be(More)
Although anti-angiogenic (AA) therapy is widely used in clinical practice, it is often challenged by insufficient efficacy and intrinsic resistance. Some studies have reported that AA therapy can even increase tumor metastasis. However, whether this is due to a specific AA drug causing a specific tumor to metastasize or because the anti-angiogenic theory(More)
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