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Xanthines have been employed clinically to treat asthma and related pulmonary conditions because of their bronchodilator properties. In addition, xanthines have been reported to block and/or attenuate the increase in microvascular permeability to macromolecules produced by some putative inflammatory mediators. In order to more completely assess the(More)
Blood levels of gastrin, secretin, gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP), and cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) increase after a meal and may affect vascular and/or visceral smooth muscle. To study this possibility, we measured the effects of local intra-arterial infusion of these hormones on ileal perfusion pressure and intestinal wall compliance. In(More)
Substance P (SP) is one of many vasoactive peptides found within the gastrointestinal tract with actions on intestinal smooth muscle. Thus, its vasodilatory action could be attenuated through its stimulatory effect on intestinal smooth muscle producing subsequent elevations in extravascular pressure and thus, passively opposing the vasodilation. The aim of(More)
It has been previously reported that enprofylline (3-propyl xanthine) prevents histamine-mediated edema formation in the guinea pig lung. To further assess the potential anti-inflammatory effects of enprofylline, we infused it intra-arterially into the canine forelimb before and during a local intra-arterial infusion of histamine (4 micrograms/min) while(More)
We measured pressure in a prenodal lymphatic in the canine forelimb during constant flow pump-perfusion of the brachial artery. We made bolus i.a. injections of 1.0 micrograms angiotensin II, norepinephrine, bombesin, or bradykinin, 20 micrograms 5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT), or occluded the carotid arteries. Norepinephrine, 5HT, or carotid occlusion produced(More)
Histamine increases transvascular fluid and protein efflux in the canine forelimb resulting in edema formation. To clarify the receptor mechanisms of histamine edema, we infused H1 and H2-receptor agonists into the forelimb perfused at constant flow while measuring skin lymph parameters or forelimb weight. The H1-receptor agonist 2(2-pyridyl) ethylamine(More)
O-(beta-hydroxyethyl)-rutoside (Venoruton) has been reported to alleviate edema formation in chronic venous insufficiency. In an attempt to elucidate Venoruton's potential as an antiinflammatory agent, we infused Venoruton (20 mg/minute) intraarterially into the canine forelimb perfused at constant flow during the simultaneous intraarterial infusion of(More)
Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and bombesin are peptides that have been identified in several mammalian tissues including skin. In this study, we have examined the actions of these peptides on forelimb vascular pressures, skin lymph flow, lymph total protein concentration and lymph total protein transport in the canine forelimb perfused at constant(More)
Infusion of catecholamines concurrently with histamine into the forelimb of the dog prevents histamine-induced increases in lymph flow, protein concentration and forelimb weight. This study tested whether the sympathoadrenal discharge of catecholamines induced by carotid occlusion or hemorrhage would similarly prevent histamine's actions in the canine(More)
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