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Markers in the 3' end of the vitamin D receptor gene have recently been associated with prostate cancer risk. To evaluate the adequacy of the commonly used BsmI restriction fragment length polymorphism as a marker of this locus, we genotyped 627 individuals from five ethnic groups for this marker, as well as for a polymorphic site in the 3' untranslated(More)
We describe a sensitive and specific high-performance liquid-chromatographic method for determining the benzene metabolite, trans,trans-muconic acid (ttMA) in urine by measuring ultraviolet absorbance at 265 nm. We mix 1 mL of urine sample with 2 mL of Tris buffer containing vanillic acid as internal standard (IS) and percolate this through a preconditioned(More)
A time- and dose-dependent increase in 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) was observed in rat hepatic DNA after a single i.p. injection of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). It was also found that pre-treatment with selenium or deferoxamine significantly reduced 8-OHdG level in AFB1-administered rats. In contrast, no reduction in 8-OHdG concentration was found in vitamin(More)
Prostate cancer is the most common serious cancer diagnosed in men in the United States. This disease is also characterized by a striking racial/ethnic variation in incidence: highest in African-Americans, intermediate in Caucasians, slightly lower in Latinos, and lowest in Asians. Ample biochemical and epidemiological evidence suggests a role for(More)
A fast, precise and selective diode array HPLC method is presented for the extraction and analysis of soy isoflavonoids from foods and from human urine, plasma, and breast milk in support of mechanistic and epidemiologic studies assessing the potential cancer protective role of soya or isoflavones. Solid phase or solvent extraction was chosen for isolation,(More)
Soy products contain high amounts of isoflavonoids, which have been shown to exhibit possible cancer-protective properties. Chinese populations in Asia, in particular, have a high level of soy intake and a relatively low risk of hormone-dependent cancers. In this study, we assessed the distributions of dietary soy isoflavonoids (daidzein, genistein, and(More)
A field study was conducted on 39 male workers exposed to styrene at concentrations below 40 ppm (time weighted average, TWA). Analyses were carried out on environmental air, exhaled air, blood, urine, and two major urinary metabolites of styrene: mandelic acid (MA) and phenylglycoxylic acid (PGA). Head space gas chromatography (GC) with a flame ionization(More)
Analysis of cDNA derived from messenger RNA is of advantage over using genomic DNA in genetic analysis of large genes, especially those with lengthy intron sequences. However, because of its instability and rapid degradation, RNA extraction from postmortem tissues has not been attempted. Here, we report the successful extraction of intact mRNA from various(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relations between environmental benzene concentrations and various biomarkers of exposure to benzene. METHODS Analyses were carried out on environmental air, unmetabolised benzene in urine, trans, trans-muconic acid (ttMA), and three major phenolic metabolites of benzene; catechol, hydroquinone, and phenol, in two field studies(More)
OBJECTIVE To carry out a comprehensive field investigation to evaluate various conventional and recently developed biomarkers for exposure to low concentrations of benzene. METHODS Analyses were carried out on environmental air, unmetabolised benzene in blood and urine, urinary trans, transmuconic acid, and three major phenolic metabolites of benzene:(More)