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A nationwide community-based survey on hepatitis C virus (HCV) was carried out in seven townships in Taiwan. A total of 11,904 men aged 30-64 years were recruited for testing for antibodies against HCV (anti-HCV) by second-generation enzyme immunoassay. A total of 272 seropositive cases and 282 seronegative controls were interviewed to explore risk factors(More)
A nation-wide measles outbreak occurred in 1988 in Taiwan. A retrospective cohort study was conducted to define the protective titre of measles neutralising (NT) antibody. Paired sera collected in 1987 and 1988 were available from 190 individuals born in 1984 who had participated in an annual hepatitis B immunisation follow-up from 1986 to 1991. Measles NT(More)
A national vaccination program against hepatitis B virus (HBV) to immunize every newborn was initiated in Taiwan in 1986. A serologic survey of 1,812 fully vaccinated children residing in four aboriginal villages and four adjacent nonaboriginal Han Chinese rural villages was conducted in 1993. Children in three of the four aboriginal villages had(More)
In order to assess the current seroepidemiology of hepatitis D virus (HDV) infection in Taiwan where hepatitis B virus (HBV) is hyperendemic, a total of 756 voluntary blood donors, 641 prostitutes, 1,014 patients with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and 628 drug abusers were studied. Radioimmunoassays were used for testing HBV infection markers and(More)
In Taiwan, the epidemiological status of HCV infection is similar to those observed in other areas of the world, with 1.0% prevalence among adult volunteer blood donors and high prevalences among the high risk groups, by the detection of anti-HCV with synthetic peptide antigens. However, unusually high prevalences, 35.1%, 15.8% and 14.2%, were observed(More)
A hepatitis B mass immunization program was launched in Taiwan in July 1984, beginning with newborns of hepatitis B carrier mothers for the first 2 years of the program, which was then extended to all newborns. Seroepidemiology was studied in 3 cohorts at age 6 years. Each cohort consisted of 1500 children proportionally and randomly sampled from those(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate determinants of endemic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection within communities in Taiwan. A two-phase study, including a seroprevalence survey and a prevalent case-control study at the first phase, which has been published previously, and a follow-up seroconversion determination and an incident case-control study(More)
Time-lapse technique provides opportunities to observe the dynamic process of human early development. Previous studies have suggested several abnormal division patterns were associated with decreased developmental potential, but no systematic results are currently available. In this study, seven abnormal division patterns were observed during early(More)
We developed a gene gun method for the transfer of human agouti signalling protein (ASP) cDNA to alter rat skin colour in vivo. Human ASP cDNA was cloned into a modified cytomegalovirus plasmid and delivered to the skin of Long-Evans rats by gene gun bombardment. Skin pigmentation, body weight and blood sugar of ASP cDNA-transfected rats were recorded(More)
Endogenous opioid peptides play an essential role in the intrinsic modulation and control of inflammatory pain, and could be therapeutically useful. These opioid peptides are synthesized as parts of larger precursor molecules. One such precursor molecule is pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC). In this study, we developed a gene-gun method for the transfer of POMC(More)