Cannabinoids, endocannabinoids and marijuana activate two well-characterized cannabinoid receptors (CB-Rs), CB1-Rs and CB2-Rs. The expression of CB1-Rs in the brain and periphery has been well studied, but neuronal CB2-Rs have received much less attention than CB1-Rs. Many studies have now identified and characterized functional glial and neuronal CB2-Rs in… (More)
Glutamate-induced excitotoxicity and oxidative damage are believed to play an important role in the development of a number of central nerve system disorders. Nuclear-factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a master transcriptional regulator of many cytoprotective genes. We report herein that 5,6-dihydrocyclopenta-1,2-dithiole-3-thione (CPDT), which… (More)
STUDY DESIGN Observational cross-section study. OBJECTIVE The objective of our study was to determine if phosphorylation of aggregated neurofilaments (NFs) would occur in autoimmune-mediated motor neuron injury. Our main hypothesis was that autoimmune-mediated damage of spinal cord motor neurons may influence NF phosphorylation and lead to NF aggregation.… (More)
OBJECTIVE Propofol and remifentanil are commonly used combined for anaesthesia and can cause cognitive dysfunction. We hypothesized that combined treatment with these drugs would exert its effect via increased phosphorylation of Tau protein in the brain hippocampus. To address this, we assessed cognitive function and extent phosphorylation of Tau in… (More)
OBJECTIVES The main aims of this study were to classify patients with hypothalamic hamartoma (HH) based on neuroimaging features and describe the clinical manifestations of HH. MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective review of 214 consecutive patients with HH treated in Beijing Tiantan Hospital was performed. RESULTS HH were diagnosed and divided into… (More)
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