C. William Kern

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Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) is known to modulate cell survival and apoptosis through multiple intracellular signaling pathways. However, its hepatoprotective function and its role in activation of NF-kappaB and anti-apoptotic factors are poorly understood and remain controversial. Here we investigated whether inhibition of GSK-3 could induce(More)
In studies of the phosphorylated proteins in rat liver and Walker-256, it was established that the ratio of various fractions of P-N linkages to P-O linkages varies from 0.6 to 3.1. In rat regenerating liver nuclei, the ratio of P-N and P-O varies with time after partial hepatectomy. Using [3H]-lysine and 32Pi, it is shown that phosphoryllysine forms in(More)
Twenty-four structurally different SLs were studied for their inhibition on IL-8 production in HeLa229 cells and different IC50-values were obtained. QSAR analyses revealed that the alpha-methylene-gamma-lactone and the presence and reactivity of a second reaction center, expressed by LUMO2, are the most important descriptors for IL-8. Using two SLs as(More)
Expression of the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV)-encoded chemokine receptor homologue pUS28 in mammalian cells results in ligand-dependent and -independent changes in the activity of multiple cellular signal transduction pathways. The ligand-dependent signalling activity of pUS28 has been shown to be predominantly mediated by heterotrimeric G proteins of the(More)
We describe an immunoassay for thyroxine in serum. In the assay specific antibody covalently bonded to latex particles is used, along with horseradish peroxidase as the label, and o-phenylenediamine as the chromogen. The flexible protocol is designed for manual execution. Performance is similar to that of the highest-sensitivity thyroxine radioimmunoassays.(More)
Brain protection is essential during neonatal and pediatric cardiac surgery. Deep hypothermia is still the most important method for achieving neuroprotection during cardiopulmonary bypass. Previously, we could demonstrate that deep hypothermia induces substantial cytotoxicity in brain cells as well as increased release of the pro-inflammatory cytokine(More)
Recently, several bis-pyridiniumaldoximes linked by a variable-length alkylene chain were rationally designed in our laboratories as cholinesterase reactivators. Extensive in vitro tests of these oximes with acetylcholinesterase inhibited by two different organophosphate agents, echothiophate and diisopropylfluorophosphate, revealed one compound with(More)
Brain protection is crucial during neonatal and pediatric cardiac surgery. The major methods for brain protection are the administration of steroids and deep hypothermia. Therefore, we have investigated the impact of methylprednisolone (MP) administration and deep hypothermia on neonatal mouse astrocytes, neurons and BV-2 microglia cells. Brain cells were(More)