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Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, a dot-immunobinding assay and a three-step reverse-phase HPLC separation, four Arg-Phe-amide (RFamide) peptides were purified from sex segmental ganglia extracts of the leech Erpobdella octoculata; FMRFamide, FM(O)RFamide, FLRFamide and GDPFLRFamide. Their amino acid sequences were elucidated by means of a combined(More)
1. Cells in the central nervous system of the leech Theromyzon tessulatum were revealed with an antiserum against angiotensin II. Among these cells, a group of 4-5 pairs of neurons, called beta giant cells, and located in the posterior compartments of the supraesophageal ganglion was particularly investigated. 2. The amount of angiotensin II-like(More)
Purification of a material immunoreactive to an antiserum against angiotensin II and present in the central nervous system of the pharyngobdellid leech Erpobdella octoculata was performed by reversed-phase high pressure liquid chromatography combined with both enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and dot immunobinding assays for angiotensin II. Establishment(More)
A large number of oxytocin (OT)-like neurons were detected in the sex segmental ganglia (SG5, SG6) of three species of leeches belonging to different orders: Theromyzon tessulatum, Hirudo medicinalis and Erpobdella octoculata. In this latter species, an epitope close to the vertebrate OT by its C-terminal part (MSH release inhibiting factor: MIF), localized(More)
The peptides contained in neurons localized in the brain of the leech Theromyzon tessulatum (Hirudinae, Rhynchobdellida) and showing an immunopositive reaction with an antibody directed against angiotensin II (AII), were purified by reversed-phase HPLC. Three AII-like peptides (P1, P2 and P3) which exhibited the same retention times and chromatographic(More)
Two mouse hybridomas producing monoclonal antibodies Tt9 and Tt 159 directed against antigens of supraesophageal ganglia of the leech T. tessulatum were selected to study the neuroendocrine control of osmoregulation in this species. One, Tt 159 reacted with an antigenic determinant of cells recognized by an anti-angiotensin antibody, the other, Tt 9, with(More)
1. Using direct, inhibiting and competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), two steps were involved in the mapping of the recognition site of a polyclonal antibody against oxytocin (OT). 2. The percentage of cross-reactivity between OT and the N-terminal or the C-terminal fragment of OT demonstrated that the C-terminal fragment is the antigenic(More)