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Craniometric and stereotaxic data from rats of different sex, strain and weight were compared. It was found that stereotaxic atlases can be used with rats of different sex and strain provided that the weights of the rats conform to those used in the reference atlas. If rats of different weights are used, greater accuracy can be achieved if bregma is used as(More)
This paper presents an atlas of the rat brain based on horizontal sections stained for acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Fourteen labeled photographs from sections at 0.5 mm intervals are presented. The atlas is intended for use with male rats 250-300 g in weight. It was constructed using the flat-skull position (lambda and bregma in same horizontal plane).(More)
The monotremes (echidnas and platypus) have been claimed by some authors to show 'avian' or 'reptilian' features in the gross morphology and microscopic anatomy of the cerebellum. We have used Nissl staining in conjunction with enzyme histochemistry to acetylcholinesterase and cytochrome oxidase and immunohistochemistry to non-phosphorylated neurofilament(More)
Previous research by Bem has indicated that androgynous individuals of both sexes display "masculine" independence when under pressure to conform as well as "feminine" nurturance when interacting with a kitten. In contrast, sex-typed individuals were low in one or both of these behaviors. The two studies reported here were designed to replicate the low(More)
The monotremes are a unique group of living mammals, which diverged from the line leading to placental mammals at least 125 million years ago. We have examined the organization of pontine, inferior olivary, lateral reticular and vestibular nuclei in the brainstem of the short-beaked echidna (Tachyglossus aculeatus) to determine if the cyto- and(More)
Background: Dual infection with HIV-1 and HIV-2, which is not uncommon in West Africa, has important implications for transmission , progression, and antiretroviral therapy. Few studies have examined HIV viral dynamics in this setting. Methods: We compared HIV-1 and HIV-2 viral loads from 65 dually infected, antiretroviral therapy-naı¨ve Senegalese(More)
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