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A 38-year-old man with an anomalous systemic arterial supply from the descending thoracic aorta to the normal basilar segments of the left lower lobe experienced symptoms of progressive exertional dyspnea. Although the pulmonary parenchyma was normal, there was no pulmonary arterial supply to the basilar segments of the left lower lobe. Left lower lobectomy(More)
This study evaluated the presence of Acanthamoeba species in the Puzih River watershed, which features typical subtropical monsoon climate and is located just above the Tropic of Cancer in Taiwan. The relationship between the seasonal and geographical distributions of Acanthamoeba species in this rivershed was also investigated. Acanthamoeba species were(More)
A 67-year-old man developed non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema after taking a hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) tablet. The symptoms remitted following supportive treatment but recurred after rechallenge. Immunologic studies showed increased immunoglobulin E, negative lymphocyte transformation test when exposed to HCTZ, normal blood lymphocyte subpopulations and(More)
Naegleria fowleri can cause primary amoebic meningoencephalitis, a rapidly developing and highly lethal infectious disease. The first confirmed case of primary amoebic meningoencephalitis in Taiwan was reported in November 2011, in which the patient visited a thermal spring recreational area 1 week prior to hospitalisation. Water sampling was performed to(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether combined inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting β2 agonists can suppress eosinophilic inflammation in chronic dostructive plumonary disease (COPD) and to investigate the association between the level of eosinophilia and the degree of bronchodilator reversibility. Sixty-two patients with stable COPD (forced(More)
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND The addition of an alternative class of long-acting bronchodilator is recommended for COPD patients who do not respond satisfactorily to monotherapy. The aim of this study was to investigate the additive benefit of tiotropium in severe COPD and to establish whether the improvement in lung function in these patients can be predicted(More)
1 In this paper, an observer-based direct adaptive fuzzy-neural controller (ODAFNC) for an anti-lock braking system (ABS) is developed under the constraint that only the system output, i.e., the wheel slip ratio, is measurable. The main control strategy is to force the wheel slip ratio to well track the optimal value, which may vary with the environment.(More)
Sliding mode controllers for the bilinear systems with time varying uncertainties are developed in this paper. The bilinear coefficient matching condition which is similar to the traditional matching condition for linear system is defined for the homogeneous bilinear systems. It can be seen that the bilinear coefficient matching condition is very limited(More)
BACKGROUND COPD is an important public health challenge with significant heterogeneity of clinical presentation and disease progression. Clinicians have been trying to find phenotypes that may be linked to distinct prognoses and different therapeutic choices. Not all patients with COPD present with wheezing, a possible clinical phenotype that can help(More)