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We investigated glutamate-related neuronal dysfunction in the anterior cingulate (AC) early in schizophrenia before and after antipsychotic treatment. A total of 14 minimally treated schizophrenia patients and 10 healthy subjects were studied with single-voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) of the AC, frontal white matter and thalamus at(More)
Administration of 1,3,5-trinitrobenzene (TNB) to male Fischer-344 rats produced ataxia after 6 or 7 oral doses (71 mg/kg). Light microscopic examination after 10 days revealed petechial hemorrhages in the brain stem and cerebellum and bilaterally symmetric degeneration and necrosis (malacia) with reactive gliosis in the cerebellar peduncles. The malacia was(More)
Research efforts to identify and understand the pathophysiology of schizophrenia and bipolar illness are limited by the inability to study neuronal tissue of living patients. An alternative to sampling brain tissue from living patients is to measure neuronal proteins found in cerebral spinal fluid. One such candidate protein is synaptosomal-associated(More)
1,3,5-Trinitrobenzene (TNB) is a soil and water contaminant at certain military installations. Encephalopathy in rats given 10 daily oral doses of TNB has been reported. The lesion was bilaterally symmetric vacuolation and microcavitation in the cerebellar roof nuclei, vestibular nuclei, olivary nuclei, and inferior colliculi. The contribution of the(More)
Early evaluation of new drug entities for their potential to cause mitochondrial dysfunction is becoming an important task for drug development. Multi-parametric high-content screening (mp-HCS) of mitochondrial toxicity holds promise as a lead in-vitro strategy for drug testing and safety evaluations. In this study, we have developed a mp-HCS and(More)
We tested the hypothesis that time series analysis can provide accurate predictions of future poison center telephone call volume by a prospective stochastic time series modeling of calls to a university-based regional poison center. All callers evaluated and managed during two sequential years had the time and date of the call recorded in a computer(More)
Early evaluation of new drug entities for their potential to cause mitochondrial dysfunction is becoming an important task for drug development. Multi-parametric high-content screening (mp-HCS) of mitochondrial toxicity holds promise as a lead in-vitro strategy for drug testing and safety evaluations. In this study, we have developed a mp-HCS and(More)
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