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Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is commonly associated with arthritic manifestations. They are divided into three clinical categories; peripheral arthritis, spondylitis, and sacroiliitis. To evaluate the incidence of arthritis associated with IBD in Korea, we retrospectively reviewed one hundred and twenty-nine patients with IBD, 77 with ulcerative colitis(More)
Carcinosarcoma of the adrenal gland is an extremely rare variant of adrenocortical carcinoma, characterized by a biphasic pattern of carcinoma and sarcoma-like components. We report a case of adrenal carcinosarcoma occurring in a 61-year-old Korean man who presented with right flank pain of one month duration radiating to the back and right iliac crest. The(More)
This paper aims to investigate the electromigration phenomenon of under-bump-metallization (UBM) and solder bumps of a flip-chip package under high temperature operation life test (HTOL). UBM is a thin film Al/Ni(V)/Cu metal stack of 1.5 lm; while bump material consists of Sn/37Pb, Sn/90Pb, and Sn/95Pb solder. Current densities of 2500 and 5000 A/cm and(More)
A 37 year-old-woman was admitted to the hospital because of 15 days' duration of continuous fever. Routine studies for detection of fever foci were negative. Imaging studies revealed giant hemangioma of the liver with central thrombosis. The fever persisted for a period of 4 weeks, and subsided after conservative management. We report a case of hepatic(More)
A 21-year-old woman who had a 2-year history of mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) developed rapidly evolving ulcers consistent with livedoid vasculitis (LV) in all distal extremities. She presented clinically with Raynaud’s phenomenon, polyarthritis and swollen hands; serologically with high titres of ANA and anti-nRNP; and immunogenetically with(More)
Myasthenia gravis and pemphigus are both considered to have an autoimmune basis. Although immunological and clinical studies have been performed on large numbers of patients with myasthenia gravis, the coexistence of myasthenia gravis and pemphigus foliaceus has rarely been described. We recently have the opportunity to study a 33-year-old female patient(More)
Retinoic acids may inhibit vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation, but may promote endothelial cell proliferation in cell culture. However, little data are available about the effects of all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) on endothelial regeneration and functional recovery in an experimental model of vascular injury. Accordingly, we investigated whether ATRA(More)