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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Elevated plasma total homocysteine level (tHcy) is associated with increased risk of dementia via increased white matter changes or reduction in cortical volume. Whether tHcy has an independent impact on regional perfusion and if it can predict a more rapid cognitive decline in mild Alzheimer dementia (AD) warrants investigation. (More)
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) infections can lead to devastating clinical outcomes in children, with an increasing number of severe cases worldwide. The genetic and antigenic variability of EV71 strains isolated in Taiwan in 1998-2005 was evaluated using partial nucleotide sequence analysis of the VP1 gene and the neutralisation assay. Phylogenetic analyses(More)
The effects of methyl-β-cyclodextrin (MβCD), an oligosaccharide, on ion currents were investigated in differentiated NG108-15 neuronal cells. In NG108-15 cells treated with dibutyryl cyclic AMP, the expression level of the K(V)3.1 mRNA was elevated. Depletion of membrane cholesterol by exposing cells to MβCD (1 mM) resulted in a significant reduction of the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although parkinsonism after carbon monoxide (CO) intoxication is well known, neurotransmitter deficient networks that are responsible for the severity of parkinsonism have rarely been systemically evaluated. METHODS Eighteen patients with CO-related parkinsonism and nine age- and sex-matched controls were enrolled for detailed(More)
We evaluated the relationship between the toxicity induced by the organophosphate mevinphos (Mev) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM), the medullary origin of sympathetic neurogenic vasomotor tone. Adult Sprague-Dawley rats that were anesthetized and maintained with propofol were used. Laser scanning(More)
We demonstrated previously that a novel negative feed back mechanism for the regulation of penile erection, which is triggered by ascending sensory inputs initiated by tumescence of the penis, exists in the hippocampal formation (HF). This study further elucidated the role of the locus coeruleus (LC), which is the largest aggregate of(More)
BACKGROUND We showed previously that breast carcinoma amplified sequence 2 (BCAS2) functions as a negative regulator of p53. We also found that BCAS2 is a potential AR-associated protein. AR is essential for the growth and survival of prostate carcinoma. Therefore we characterised the correlation between BCAS2 and AR. METHODS Protein interactions were(More)
As developments of modern societies, an on-field and personalized diagnosis has become important for disease prevention and proper treatment. To address this need, in this work, a polysilicon nanowire (poly-Si NW) based biosensor system-on-chip (bio-SSoC) is designed and fabricated by a 0.35 μm 2-Poly-4-Metal (2P4M) complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor(More)
Cognitive impairment in epilepsy has begun to gain more attention in clinical practice. There is now a considerable amount of research relating to memory functioning in epilepsy, however, few studies specifically focused on cryptogenic epilepsy. We investigated the cognitive performance in cryptogenic epilepsy patients with the aid of cognitive ability(More)