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OBJECTIVE To construct a mania rating scale designed for children and adolescents. METHODS Fourteen questions from the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present Episode (K-SADS-P) 1986 version plus a new item assessing mood lability were used to construct a clinician-rated mania rating scale (K-SADS-MRS).(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors measured the variation in ECT utilization rates across 317 metropolitan statistical areas of the United States and determined to what degree this variation is associated with health care system characteristics, demographic factors, and the stringency of state regulation of ECT. METHOD Data from APA's 1988-1989 Professional Activities(More)
Type I (insulin-dependent) diabetic individuals and health professionals often assume that the symptoms of extremely low or high blood glucose (BG) levels can be recognized and, consequently, appropriate treatment decisions can be based on symptom perception. Because no research has documented the validity of these assumptions, this study tested the ability(More)
BACKGROUND The delivery system for psychiatric inpatient services in the United States has changed dramatically over the past 30 years, undergoing a marked privatization. METHOD To assess the effect of changes in ownership and types of inpatient settings on the structure of the mental health services system, the authors surveyed a national sample of(More)
Funding for this project was provided by the Water Industry Technical Action Fund (WITAF). WITAF is administered by AWWA and is funded through member dues. WITAF funds information collection and analysis and other activities in support of sound and effective legislation, regulation, and drinking water policies and programs. The terrorist attacks of 2001(More)
Do people know what kinds of impressions they convey to other people during particular social interactions? In a study designed to answer this question, subjects interacted individually with three partners on each of four different tasks. After each interaction, participants reported their impressions of the other person's likability and competence. They(More)
A within-subject experiment compared three paradigms commonly used in visceral perception: self-report, heartbeat tracking, and signal detection. Eighteen undergraduates estimated heart rate using each technique while engaging in a number of separate tasks conducted a week apart. Although all three techniques significantly tapped accuracy of heart rate(More)
OBJECTIVES Shifts in care for the seriously mentally ill from inpatient to community-based treatment have highlighted the importance of transitional care. Our objectives were to document the kinds and quantity of transitional services provided by psychiatric hospitals nationally and to assess the impact of hospital type (psychiatric vs general), ownership(More)
OBJECTIVES This article examines the impact of increasing competition among hospitals on access to inpatient services and preexisting differences in access between nonprofit and for-profit facilities. It tests theoretical propositions that suggest that nonprofit and for-profit hospitals will respond in different ways and to differing degrees to changing(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the prevalence and determinants of economically motivated transfers (aka "dumping") from hospitals treating mental illness. DATA SOURCES A composite data set constructed from three national random-sampled surveys conducted in 1988 and 1989: (1) of hospitals providing mental health care, (2) of community mental health centers, and (3)(More)