A retrospective survey of the records of 287 patients with generalised myasthenia gravis treated at New End Hospital and later at the Royal Free Hospital by anticholinesterase drugs, with or without thymectomy, between the years 1942 and 1976, shows that 62% of patients were improved. The timing of the operation, the grading of disease and the age and sex… (More)
A 28 year old patient with ocular myasthenia for 2 y gave birth to a baby with diaphragmatic weakness. Following delivery the mother developed severe weakness of the diaphragm and required assisted ventilation. The baby recovered spontaneously and the mother responded to treatment with plasma exchange and immunosuppression. Neither mother nor baby responded… (More)
Plasma concentrations of pyridostigmine were measured after oral administration in 16 patients with myasthenia gravis. The levels varied greatly among both well- and poorly controlled patients, but were usually higher in the latter group. Absorption of the drug appears to be erratic; its clearance from the plasma is slow and its metabolism could involve an… (More)
A 42-year-old man suffered a head injury in a road traffic accident and subsequently developed anosmia and isolated adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) deficiency. There was no other evidence of pituitary dysfunction. No previous case of isolated ACTH deficiency following head injury has been reported.
Twenty-seven patients with myasthenia gravis have been treated with azathioprine in conjunction with pyridostigmine and prednisolone for a total of 138 patient years. Side effects necessitated discontinuation of treatment in only four patients. Treatment with azathioprine was associated with marked clinical improvement in all the remaining 23 patients,… (More)
Sixteen patients with moderate essential hypertension completed a double-blind crossover trial with four treatment periods each of 6 weeks. They received in random order: placebo; tienilic acid 250 mg/day; propranolol 80 mg twice daily; and tienilic acid 250 mg/day combined with propranolol 80 mg twice daily. Average blood-pressure in the lying position was… (More)
Humoral immunity was studied in 10 patients with myasthenia gravis before thymectomy, in 15 different patients over 10 years after thymectomy, and in normal controls. Antibody titers to acetylcholine receptor were significantly (p less than 0.01) lower in the post-thymectomy group. However, other antibody titers to common viruses, and to Escherichia coli,… (More)