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This study was undertaken to determine the changes in basic nutritional indices associated with major colonic surgery accompanied by periods of semi-starvation. Changes in weight, serum albumin, nitrogen balance, and maximum exercise capacity were studied. Weight loss was 5.5 +/- 1 per cent, serum albumin decreased 0.20 +/- 0.15 gm per cent. Nitrogen loss(More)
The value of crystalline amino acids compared with glucose in maintaining functional muscle mass (maximum exercise capacity) in the perioperative period was studied. Twelve surgical patients received 100 g of glucose (Group 1) for 7 to 10 days perioperatively, and 12 (Group 2) received 90 g of crystalline amino acids for a similar period. Maximum exercise(More)
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