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Antarctic notothenioids, along with many other polar marine fishes, have evolved biological antifreeze proteins (AFPs) to survive in their icy environments. The larvae of Antarctic notothenioid fish hatch into the same frigid environment inhabited by the adults, suggesting that they must also be protected by sufficient AFPs, but this has never been(More)
Many ectotherms rapidly acquire a short-lived increase in heat tolerance following a heat shock. This capacity to heat harden has been noted in a number of temperate fishes, but it is unknown whether it can also be found among the stenothermal Antarctic notothenioid fishes. To investigate, specimens of six notothenioid species were first brought to their(More)
Phylogenetically diverse polar and subpolar marine teleost fishes have evolved antifreeze proteins (AFPs) or antifreeze glycoproteins (AFGPs) to avoid inoculative freezing by internalized ice. For over three decades since the first fish antifreeze (AF) protein was discovered, many studies of teleost freezing avoidance showed hepatic AF synthesis and(More)
Pleuragramma antarcticum is the dominant pelagic fish in the waters of the continental shelf in high Antarctic regions, where it plays a key role in the food web. A nursery ground for eggs of this species was first identified in 2002 in Terra Nova Bay (Ross Sea), where eggs were found trapped in ice platelets under the sea-ice during the spring. As part of(More)
We have devised a new in vitro culture system in which cells from dissociated Drosophila leg and wing imaginal discs grow and differentiate. Primary cultures consist of epithelial and fibroblast-like cells, together with some lamellocyte-like cells. These cultures have given rise to continuously dividing leg and wing cell lines, in which epithelial,(More)
We report the analyses of a dataset spanning 39 years of near-annual fishing for Dissostichus mawsoni in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica, 1972–2011. Data on total length, condition and catch per unit effort (CPUE) were derived from the > 5500 fish caught, the large majority of which were measured, tagged and released. Contrary to expectation, the length frequency(More)
A 70-kDa membrane protein (MP70) is a component of the lens fiber gap junctions. Its membrane topology and its N-terminal sequence are similar to those of the connexin family of proteins. Some features of MP70 containing fiber gap junctions are, however, distinct from gap junctions in other mammalian tissues: (i) Lens connexons form crystalline arrays only(More)
The Antarctic silverfish Pleuragramma antarcticum is a keystone species in the Ross Sea ecosystem, providing one of the major links between lower and higher trophic levels. Despite the importance of this species, surprisingly little is known of its early development and behaviour. Here, we determine the metabolic capacity of Pleuragramma embryonated eggs(More)
We have capitalised on the availability of eggs and adults of the naked dragonfish Gymnodraco acuticeps (Sub-order Notothenioidei, F. Bathydraconidae) near McMurdo Station, Antarctica to examine metabolic energy utilization at different stages of its life cycle. Average egg respiration rates were found to increase from 2.17±1.02 nmol O2 h−1 ind−1 at about(More)