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Duchenne muscular dystrophy results from the lack of dystrophin, a cytoskeletal protein associated with the inner surface membrane, in skeletal muscle. The absence of dystrophin induces an abnormal increase of sarcolemmal calcium influx through cationic channels in adult skeletal muscle fibers from dystrophic (mdx) mice. We observed that the activity of(More)
In skeletal muscle, Ca(2+) is implicated in contraction, and in regulation of gene expression. An alteration of [Ca(2+)](i) homeostasis is responsible, at least partially, for the muscle degeneration that occurs after eccentric contractions in Duchenne muscular dystrophy, a disease characterized by the loss of the cytoskeletal protein dystrophin. Using(More)
We produced and analyzed mice deficient for Na/Ca exchanger 3 (NCX3), a protein that mediates cellular Ca(2+) efflux (forward mode) or Ca(2+) influx (reverse mode) and thus controls intracellular Ca(2+) concentration. NCX3-deficient mice (Ncx3(-/-)) present a skeletal muscle fiber necrosis and a defective neuromuscular transmission, reflecting the absence(More)
Skeletal muscles of the mdx mouse lack dystrophin offering the possibility to study the role of intracellular Ca(2+) ions in fibre degeneration. Flexor digitorum brevis muscles of 3-month-old mdx and normal mice were dissociated with collagenase; fibres were maintained in culture for 6 days (d0 to d5) and their survival was assessed. Cytosolic [Ca(2+)],(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy results from the absence of dystrophin, a cytoskeletal protein. Previously, we have shown in a transgenic mouse model of the disease (mdx) that high levels of expression of the dystrophin-related protein, utrophin can prevent pathology. We developed a new transgenic mouse model where muscle specific utrophin expression was(More)
In cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, the major alteration in pulmonary function is due to peripheral airway obstruction. In the present study, we investigated the possibility that alterations in the extrathoracic airways, particularly in the trachea that expresses high levels of CFTR (CF transmembrane conductance regulator), may contribute to respiratory(More)
In Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) muscle cells which lack dystrophin, contraction seems to be a dominant factor contributing to the abnormal elevated intracellular calcium level. Human normal and DMD contracting myotubes cocultured with nervous cells were exposed to a hypotonic medium to mimic contraction-induced mechanical stress on the membrane, and(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Effects of the different fractions obtained by partition of ethanolic extract (EE) of Agelanthus dodoneifolius through column chromatography were investigated on rat blood pressure and aortic relaxation and compared to those observed in the presence of crude EE. MATERIALS AND METHODS The acute hypotensive activity of EE, fractions and(More)
Human skeletal muscle cells obtained from normal and Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients were cocultured with explants of rat dorsal root ganglions. Single-channel recordings were performed with the cell-attached configuration of the patch-clamp technique and negative pressure was applied via the patch-pipette in order to mechanically stimulate the(More)
Retention of F508del-CFTR proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is dependent upon chaperone proteins, many of which require Ca(2+) for optimal activity. Here, we show in human tracheal gland CF-KM4 cells, that after correction of F508del-CFTR trafficking by miglustat (N-butyldeoxynojirimycin) or low temperature (27 degrees C), the Ca(2+) mobilization(More)